A language of India

Alternate Names

165,000 (2001 census). 0 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 374,000 (1993).


West Assam, Darrang, Goalpara, and Kamrup districts; Nagaland; West Bengal, Jalpaiguri and Alipurduar subdivisions; Koch Bihar district, Tafangunj subdivision; Meghalaya, East and West Garo hills districts.

Language Maps
Language Status

4 (Educational).


Maitaria (Maitoria, Maituri), Rangdania (Rongdani). Rongdani is the standard dialect. Lexical similarity: 73% between Maituri and Rongdani. 31%–39% with Koch [kdq].

Language Use

The majority of the ethnic group speaks Assamese [asm] as L1; Rabha spoken only in Rongdani and Maituri. Home, prayer, market, other villages. All ages. Also use Bengali [ben], English [eng], Garo [grt], Hindi [hin]. Used as L2 by Koch [kdq].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 30%–50%. High interest in language development. Taught in primary schools. Radio programs. TV. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 2000.

Bengali script [Beng]. Latin script [Latn], preferred by Catholics.

Other Comments

A Scheduled Tribe. Traditional religion, Christian, Hindu.