A language of India

Alternate Names
“Manchhi Bhassa” (pej.), “Marchha” (pej.), “Marchha Pahari” (pej.), Rang Po Bhasa, Rangkas, Rangpa, “Tolchha” (pej.)

7,500 (2001 D. Bradley).


Uttarakhand, Chamoli district, Joshimath tahsil, Niti valley, Niti, Gamshali, Bampa, and Malari villages; Mana valley, Mana, Indradhara, Gajkoti, Pathiya-Dhantoli, Hanuman Chatti, Benakuli, and Aut. Marchha dialect in Mana and Niti valleys, a few Tolchha in Niti valley.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous).


Marchha, Tolchha. A Himalayan language distinct from Tibetan [bod].

Language Use

Rongpo speakers learn Garhwali simultaneously with Rongpo. Code switching and code mixing are very common. It is uncertain whether stable bilingualism will continue or whether Rongpo will be replaced by Garhwali or Hindi. Home, community. All ages. Also use Garhwali [gbm], Hindi [hin], Kumaoni [kfy].

Language Development
Hindi used for all written communication.
Other Comments

Many Indo-Aryan loanwords. Grierson and Konow (1901–1929) referred to this as the Garhwal dialect of Tibetan. Ranglo or Rang often used as a cover term for Byangs, Chaudangs, Darma, and Rongpo. Hindu.