Samo, Southern


A language of Burkina Faso

Alternate Names
San, Sane

85,000 (1998).


Boucle du Muhoun region: Mainly Nayala province, Nouna and Solenzo areas; Sourou province; Centre-Ouest region: Sanguie province; Ouagadougou, Hauts-Bassins region: Bobo-Dioulasso, Dedougou, and Koudougou cities; Toma dialect: Toma, Yaba, Gossina, Ye, Kougny, and Gassan departments.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).


Toma (Makaa, Nyaana). Intelligibility low across Samo varieties.

Language Use

Home, religion, commerce. All ages. Positive attitudes. Users of Toma dialect also use French [fra]. Mostly those who do not speak the Toma dialect also use Jula [dyu], mainly youth. Also use Mòoré [mos], Western Niger Fulfulde [fuh].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: Higher among Toma. Motivation to read French and Toma Samo is high. A literacy center in Toma teaches Toma. Grammar. NT: 1995.

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

The Rimaïbé are Samo who were former Fula slaves, now speak Fulfulde [fuh] as L2, and live in Kawara, Kassan, Zoumou, and Teri in the Tougan area. Traditional religion, Christian, Muslim.