Totonac, Tecpatlán


A language of Mexico


540 (2000 census). 110 monolinguals.


Northeast Puebla, Tecpatlán village, 2 communities northwest on Necaxa river tributary.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened).


None known. Most similar to Upper Necaxa Totonac [tku]. The 600-member community of Tecpatlán has 540 who identify themselves as local-language speakers. High levels of bilingualism in Nahuatl. Many may be primarily Nahuatl speakers. Northern Totonac [too] materials are reportedly difficult to understand.

Language Use

Moderate use. Not all parents pass it on to children. Local administration, commerce, religion. Mainly adults. Neutral attitudes. 70% also use Spanish [spa]. A few may also speak Nahuatl. Spanish used in schools.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 5%. Literacy rate in L2: 30%. NT: 1999.

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Young people must leave to find jobs.