A language of Tajikistan

Alternate Names
Galcha, Tadzhik, Tajik, Tajiki Persian, Tojiki

6,380,000 in Tajikistan (2010 census). Population total all countries: 7,864,250. Ethnic population: 6,370,000 (2010 census).

Language Status

1 (National). Statutory national language (1994, Constitution, Article 2).


4 groups of small dialects; no distinct boundaries. Dialect blending into Dari Persian [prs] in Afghanistan.

Language Use

Also use Northern Uzbek [uzn], Russian [rus].

Language Development
Radio programs. Bible: 1992.

Arabic script [Arab], used until 1928. Cyrillic script [Cyrl], used since 1940, primary usage. Hebrew script [Hebr], used by Bukharan Jews. Latin script [Latn], used from 1928–1940.

Other Comments

Russian sources refer to Persian dialects in Afghanistan as Tajiki. So-called Tajiki in China is actually Shugni [sgh] or Wakhi [wbl]. Some Tajiki-speaking Gypsy communities in Russian central Asia. Muslim (Sunni).

Also spoken in:

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