A language of Canada

Alternate Names
Nklapmx, Nle’kepmxcín, Ntlakapamux, Ntlakapmuk

130 (FPCC 2014). 340 semi-speakers (FPCC 2014). Ethnic population: 6,140 (FPCC 2014).


British Columbia, south central, Fraser River north of Yale, lower Thompson River and tributaries.

Language Maps
Language Status

7 (Shifting).

Language Use

Language preservation efforts not strong although Nlakapmx Tribal Council in Lytton started a language education program and is developing a teaching curriculum (Golla 2007). Older adults. Also use English [eng].

Language Development
No standard orthography. Dictionary. Grammar.
Other Comments

Language courses (1991). Nicola and Coldwater are tribal bands.