Tai Hongjin


A language of China


85,000 (2000 census).


Southeast and north Yunnan Province. Yongwu dialect: Chuxiong Yi autonomous prefecture, Yongren, Wuding and Dayao counties, and Kunming prefecture, Luquan Yi and Miao autonomous counties; Maguan dialect: Wenshan Zhuang and Miao autonomous prefectures, Maguan county; Yuanjiang dialect: Honghe Hani and Yi autonomous prefectures, Honghe and Yuanyang counties, as well as Yuxi prefecture, Yuanjiang Hani, Yi, and Dai autonomous counties; Lüshi dialect: Honghe Hani and Yi autonomous prefectures, Lüchun, Shiping, and Jianshui counties.

Language Maps
Language Status

7 (Shifting). Language of recognized nationality: Dai.


Lüshi, Maguan, Yongwu, Yuanjiang (Shui Dai). Dialects are significantly different and probably not all mutually intelligible. Tai Hongjin is a subgroup of scattered non-Buddhist Southwestern Tai language groups, who have some common phonological traits, but many differences as well. Tai Hongjin dialects have undergone more influence from Chinese and surrounding Ngwi languages (Yi and Hani) than other Yunnan Tai languages, and are only 50%–60% lexically similar to other Tai languages.

Language Use

All adults.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 0%.
Other Comments

Traditional religion.