Tharu, Kathariya


A language of Nepal

Alternate Names
Kathariya, Kathoriya Tharu

106,000 in Nepal (2006). Population for all Tharu varieties: 1,530,000 (2011 census). L2 users: 46,600 L2 speakers for all Tharu languages (1991 census).


Seti Zone, Kailali district, Hasuliya, Udasipur, Pahalmanpur, Lalbojhi, Thapapur, Joshipur, Munuwa, Durgauli, Patharaiya, and Chauha VDCs.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous). Language of recognized indigenous nationality: Tharu.


Speech differences between Nepal and India dialects. Lexical similarity: 70%–76% with Dangaura Tharu [thl] and Rana Tharu [thr], 66% with Hindi [hin], 66%–69% with Buksa [tkb], 63% with Chitwania [the], 51%–59% with Kochila Tharu [thq].


SOV; postpositions; noun head final (unmarked).

Language Use

Some shifting to Hindi [hin]. Also use Hindi [hin], Nepali [npi].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: All Tharu as an ethnic group 28% (1991 census).

Devanagari script [Deva].

Other Comments

Hindu, Christian.

Also spoken in:

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