A language of United States

Alternate Names
Hocák, Hocak Wazijaci, Hocank, Hochank, Winnebago

250 (Golla 2007). 230 reported in 1997 (1997 V. Zeps). Ethnic population: 1,650 (2000 census).


Central Wisconsin scattered; eastern Nebraska, Winnebago Reservation; in Iowa, south of Sioux City, east bank, Missouri river.

Language Status

8a (Moribund).


Nebraska, Wisconsin.

Language Use

Ho-Chunk Culture Committee engaged in language maintenance since 1990 (Golla 2007). Mainly older adults. 100% also use English [eng].

Language Development
Plans are for full-immersion in Hocák school system, preschool through community college. Bible portions: 1907.

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

The name is written with a hook under the ‘a’ of Hocák, representing a nasalized vowel. The official name for the people is Hocák Nation. Glossonym: Winnebago by the Algonquin.