Zapotec, Xanaguía


A language of Mexico

Alternate Names
Diidz Zë, Zapoteco de Santa Catarina Xanaguía

2,500 (1990 census). 880 monolinguals. Mainly older women.


Oaxaca, southeast Miahuatlán, Santa Catarina Xanaguía, San Francisco Ozolotepec, and San José Ozolotepec.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous).


None known. A few phonological and lexical differences between San Francisco and San José areas. A member of macrolanguage Zapotec [zap].



Language Use

Vigorous. A few users of other languages have married into and speak it. Home, local administration, commerce, religion. All ages. Positive attitudes. 20% have some fluency in Spanish [spa]. San Francisco reportedly more monolingual than Santa Catarina, and San José the most bilingual. Some use other varieties of Zapotec.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 1%. Literacy rate in L2: 10%. Bible portions: 1996–2014.

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Many women over 40 and some men have no education. People leave the area for jobs. Christian, traditional religion.