19th Edition



A language of Senegal

Alternate Names
Banjaal, Eegima, Eegimaa, Gubanjalay

13,000 in Senegal (2015 J. Leclerc), increasing.


Affiniam, Badiate-Grand, Bandial, Batinier, Brin, Elubalir, Enampor, Essil, Etama, Kamobeul, and Seleky villages on a peninsula bounded by the Casamance river north, the Komobeul Bôlon river west, Ziguinchor-Oussouye road south, and Brin-Nyassia road east. The only village north of the Casamance River is Affiniam.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).


Affiniam, Bandial, Elun (Hulon, Kujireray, Kuluunaay). Lexical similarity: 74% with Bandial and Affiniam dialects, 76% with Bandial and Elun.

Language Use

Home, village. All ages. Positive attitudes. Also use French [fra], Jola-Fonyi [dyo], Jola-Kasa [csk], Upper Guinea Crioulo [pov], Wolof [wol].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 15%. Literacy rate in L2: 20% in French [fra]. Literacy mostly directed to adults. Some for primary and secondary schools. Radio programs. NT: 2014.

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Traditional religion, Christian, Muslim.

Page Views Left: