19th Edition



A language of Botswana

Alternate Names
Ng|amani, Tsasi

2,000 in Botswana (2011 C. Naumann). Total users in all countries: 2,500.


South Ghanzi district; north Kgalagadi district; west Southern and Kweneng districts.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous).


Auni (|Auni, |Auo), Kakia (Masarwa), Ki|hazi, Ng|u||en (||U||en, |Nu||en, |U||en, Ng|u|ei, Nu||en), Nusan (Ng|usan, Noosan, Nu-San), Xatia (|Eikusi, |Kusi, Katia, Kattea, Khatia, Vaalpens), !Kwi.


SVO; prepositions; genitives, adjectives, numerals, relatives after noun heads; question word initial; 2 prefixes, 3 suffixes; word order distinguishes subjects, objects, indirect objects; verb affixes mark number, gender of subject and object, and is obligatory; passives; reduplication on periphrastics for causatives; periphrastic comparatives; CV, CVV, CVCV; tonal.

Language Use

Also use Herero [her], Kgalagadi [xkv], Naro [nhr], Tswana [tsn], |Gwi [gwj]. Second languages used by people older than 10 who have been to school or have lived with speakers of the other languages.

Language Development
Dictionary. Grammar.
Other Comments

Nusan are in Botswana. Nu||en dialect is extinct. Traditional religion, Christian.

Also spoken in:

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