19th Edition



A language of Tajikistan

Alternate Names
Khugnone, Shugnan-Rushan

40,000 in Tajikistan (1975 SIL). 20,000 Shugan, 1,500–2,000 Oroshor, 15,000 Rushan. Ethnic population: 73,800 (1990 A. Kibrik). Includes 50,000 Shugni, 2,000 Oroshor, 18,000 Rushan, 800 Khufi, 3,000 Bartang. Total users in all countries: 80,000.


Kuhistoni Badakhshon region, Pamir mountains.

Language Status

6a (Vigorous).


Rushani (Oroshani, Roshani, Rushan), Bartangi (Bartang), Oroshor (Roshorvi), Khufi (Chuf, Khuf), Shughni (Khugni, Shighni, Shugan, Shugnan). Khufi and Bartangi dialects may be separate languages. Oroshani may be separate from Rushani. Not intelligible of Sarikoli [srh] (called, Tajiki, in China).

Language Use

Home. All ages. Positive attitudes. Also use Tajiki [tgk].

Language Development
Poetry. Dictionary. Bible portions: 2001.

Arabic script, Naskh variant [Arab], used in Afghanistan. Cyrillic script [Cyrl], used in Tajikistan. Latin script [Latn], used in Tajikistan.

Other Comments

Traditional territory and way of life. Muslim.

Also spoken in:

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