19th Edition

Totonac, Upper Necaxa


A language of Mexico

Alternate Names

3,400 (2000 INEGI). 680 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 5,800.


Puebla state: Cacahuatl√°n, Chicontla, Patla, and San Pedro Tlalontongo in Necaxa river valley.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened).


None known. Reportedly most similar to Tecpatlan Totonac [tcw]. Northern Totonac [too] materials are difficult to understand.

Language Use

Moderate use. Not all parents pass it on to children. Local administration, commerce, religion. Mainly adults. Neutral attitudes. Most also use Spanish [spa], especially in schools. A few may also speak Nahuatl.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 5%. Literacy rate in L2: 30%. Bilingual primary schools in Patla and San Pedro. NT: 1999.

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Young people must leave to find jobs.

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