Antigua and Barbuda

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Antigua and Barbuda Creole English
[aig] Throughout Antigua and Barbuda. Population: 67,000 in Antigua and Barbuda (2001), increasing. It is difficult to substantiate the number of Creole speakers and English speakers. Total users in all countries: 159,520. Status: 6a (Vigorous). De facto language of national identity. Alternate Names: Broken English, Dialect, Leeward Caribbean Creole, Patwa. Autonym: Creole. Dialects: Antiguan Creole English, Barbuda Creole English. Slight comprehension of Jamaican and perhaps Bahamas creoles. May be similar to English Creoles of the Virgin Islands and Netherlands Antilles. One dialect is spoken mainly by older generations who live in Jennings and Bolans villages, near Johnson. People perceive the Southern variety, spoken along Fig Tree Drive Road from Swetes to Bolans, as being most different and difficult to understand. Barbudan is perceived as being more linguistically distant than the Creole English of Montserrat Point (2003 K. Decker). Classification: Creole, English based, Atlantic, Eastern, Southern.

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English
[eng] Population: 89,000 in Antigua and Barbuda, all users. L1 users: 86,400 in Antigua and Barbuda (2011). It is difficult to substantiate the number of Creole speakers and English speakers. L2 users: 2,600 (2011). Status: 1 (National). De facto national language. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, English.

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