Australia

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Australia
A country in Pacific
The number of individual languages listed for Australia is 403. Of these, 226 are living and 177 are extinct. Of the living languages, 215 are indigenous and 11 are non-indigenous. Furthermore, 7 are institutional, 17 are developing, 7 are vigorous, 37 are in trouble, and 158 are dying.
Official Name
Commonwealth of Australia
Population Full

24,275,000 (2016 UNDESA)

General Remarks
Australian Capital Territory includes Jervis Bay Territory; New South Wales State includes Lord Howe Island and Ball’s Pyramid; Northern Territory includes Ashmore and Cartier Islands; Queensland State includes, to north, Saibai, Boigu, Talbot islands and Bramble Cay—to the east, the Great Barrier Reef; Tasmania State includes the Hogan group islands in Bass Strait south of parallel 39° 12” S; Victoria State includes the remaining group islands north of the above parallel; Western Australia State includes assorted reefs up to 400 km from the mainland (except for Ashmore and Cartier islands). Other remote Australian territories: Coral Seas Islands Territory administered from Kingston, Norfolk Island including assorted islands east of the Great Barrier Reef and west of meridian 157° W. Geopolitical entities assigned ISO-3166 codes, but administered by Australia: Christmas Island (CX), Cocos (Keeling) Islands (CC), Norfolk Island (NF) and Heard and McDonald Islands (HM). Source: 2015 Statoids
Principal Languages
English
Literacy Rate
99% (2011 USDS)
Immigrant Languages
Afrikaans (43,700), Amharic (6,810), Arabic (322,000), Assyrian Neo-Aramaic (28,300), Bengali (54,600), Bosnian (15,800), Bulgarian (2,680), Burmese (16,300), Cebuano (6,880), Central Tibetan (1,470), Chaldean Neo-Aramaic (17,200), Classical Mandaic, Cook Islands Maori (5,110), Croatian (56,900), Czech (7,940), Danish (5,780), Dari (30,400), Dutch (33,800), Eastern Punjabi (132,000), Eastern Yiddish (1,500), Fiji Hindi (2,710), Fijian (8,150), Finnish (5,960), French (70,900), Gheg Albanian (4,590), Gujarati (52,900), Hakha Chin (4,810), Hakka Chinese (8,990), Halh Mongolian (2,140), Hazaragi (22,300), Hebrew (10,300), Hindi (160,000), Hmong Njua (2,450), Hungarian (19,900), Igbo (2,000), Indonesian (67,900), Iranian Persian (58,300), Irish (1,940), Kannada (9,700), Khmer (35,400), Konkani (2,420), Korean (109,000), Krio (2,530), Lao (9,980), Lithuanian (2,000), Macedonian (66,000), Malay (17,900), Malayalam (53,200), Maltese (32,000), Maori (11,700), Marathi (13,100), Min Nan Chinese (17,900), Morisyen (4,200), Nepali (62,000), Northern Kurdish (6,200), Northern Pashto (9,230), Norwegian (2,900), Nuer (2,160), Polish (48,100), Portuguese (48,900), Pukapuka (900), Rohingya (2,250), Romanian (13,000), Rundi (3,100), Russian (50,300), Samoan (44,900), Serbian (53,800), Shona (11,000), Sindhi (1,590), Sinhala (64,600), Slovak (5,440), Slovene (4,090), Somali (14,200), Spanish (141,000), Standard Latvian (3,000), Swahili (11,500), Swedish (8,960), Tagalog (111,000), Tamil (73,200), Telugu (34,400), Thai (55,400), Tigrigna (4,580), Tok Pisin (3,740), Tongan (17,700), Tosk Albanian (4,590), Turkish (58,400), Urdu (69,300), Vietnamese (277,000), Welsh (1,690), Western Armenian (10,200), Wu Chinese (3,380), Yoruba (2,470)
General References
Black 1983, Hudson 1987, McConvell and Thieberger 2001, McGregor 1988, Oates and Oates 1970, Schmidt, A. 1990, Wurm 1972, Wurm 2007, Wurm and Hattori 1981
Deaf Population
16,000
Language Counts
The number of individual languages listed for Australia is 403. Of these, 226 are living and 177 are extinct. Of the living languages, 215 are indigenous and 11 are non-indigenous. Furthermore, 7 are institutional, 17 are developing, 7 are vigorous, 37 are in trouble, and 158 are dying.
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