Azerbaijan

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Akhvakh
[akv] Quba and Zaqatala districts: Car municipality, Oxoxdere village. No known L1 speakers in Azerbaijan. Status: 9 (Dormant). Classification: North Caucasian, East Caucasian, Avar-Andic, Andic. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Armenian
[hye] Nagorno-Karabakh region, widespread. 120,000 in Azerbaijan (2011 UNSD). Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Armjanski, Ermenice, Haieren, Somkhuri. Dialects: Western Armenian. Classification: Indo-European, Armenian. Comments: Christian.

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Avar
[ava] Balakan and Zaqatala districts. 46,600 in Azerbaijan (2011 UNSD). Status: 6b (Threatened). De facto language of provincial identity in Balakan and Zaqatala. Alternate Names: Avaro, Dagestani. Dialects: Zaqatala (Char, Zakataly). Classification: North Caucasian, East Caucasian, Avar-Andic, Avar. Comments: Muslim.

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Azerbaijani, North
[azj] 8,250,000 in Azerbaijan (2011 UNSD). 4,000,000 monolinguals. Total users in all countries: 9,451,460. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1995, Constitution, Article 21(1)). Alternate Names: Azerbaijan, Azerbaydzhani, Azeri Turk. Dialects: Quba, Derbend, Baku, Shamakhi, Salyan, Lenkaran, Qazakh, Airym, Borcala, Terekeme, Qyzylbash, Nukha, Zaqatala (Mugaly), Qabala, Yerevan, Nakhchivan, Ordubad, Ganja, Shusha (Karabakh), Karapapak. Slight dialect differences. Qazakh dialect is not related to Kazakh [kaz]. Significant differences from South Azerbaijani [azb] in phonology, lexicon, morphology, syntax, and loanwords. A member of macrolanguage Azerbaijani [aze]. Classification: Turkic, Southern, Azerbaijani. Comments: North and South Azerbaijani are spoken by 1 ethnic group. Each language group is reluctant to accept the written form of the other. Muslim.

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Azerbaijani, South
[azb] 248,000 in Azerbaijan. Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Azeri. Classification: Turkic, Southern, Azerbaijani. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Budukh
[bdk] Quba district: Budukh village. 200 (Bril 2010). Ethnic population: 1,000 (1990 A. Kibrik). Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Budug, Budugi, Buduk, Budux, Bukukhi. Dialects: Budukh, Yergyuch. Classification: North Caucasian, East Caucasian, Lezgic, Nuclear Lezgic, South Lezgic. Comments: Muslim.

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Judeo-Tat
[jdt] Quba district: Baku and Krasnaya Sloboda village; Oguz district: Vartashen village. 8,490 in Azerbaijan (2011 UNSD). Status: 6a (Vigorous). De facto language of provincial identity in Quba, Baku districts. Alternate Names: Bik, Dzhuhuric, Jewish Tat, Judeo-Tatic, Juhur, Juhuri, Juwri. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Southwestern, Tat. Comments: Non-indigenous. Jewish.

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Khalaj
[kjf] Total users in all countries: 42,100. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Northwestern. Comments: Different from Turkic Khalaj [klj] in Iran.

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Khinalugh
[kjj] Quba district: Khinalugh village. 1,000 (Salminen 2007). Status: 6b (Threatened). De facto language of provincial identity in Quba District. Alternate Names: Khinalug, Khinalugi, Xinalug. Classification: North Caucasian, East Caucasian, Khinalugh. Comments: Muslim.

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Kryts
[kry] Quba district: Alyk, Jek, Khaput, Kryz, and Yergyuj villages. 5,000 (Salminen 2007). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Dzek, Dzhek, Dzheki, Katsy, Kryc, Kryz, Kryzy. Dialects: Kryts, Dzhek, Xaput (Khaput), Yergyudzh, Alyk. Dialects quite distinct; perhaps separate languages. Classification: North Caucasian, East Caucasian, Lezgic, Nuclear Lezgic, South Lezgic. Comments: Muslim.

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Kurdish, Northern
[kmr] Kelbajar district: Zangelan; Lachin district: Minkend; Ordubad and Qubudli districts; many displaced. 20,000 in Azerbaijan (1989 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Statutory language of provincial identity in Jabrayil, Kelbajar, Lachan, Qubadly, Zangilan districts (1995, Constitution, Articles 25(3) and 45). Alternate Names: Kurdî, Kurmancî, Kurmanji. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Northwestern, Kurdish. Comments: Muslim.

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Lezgi
[lez] Qusar and Zachmaz districts: Russian Federation border area; Caucasus southern slopes of main chain. 178,000 in Azerbaijan (1999 J. Leclerc). Status: 6b (Threatened). De facto language of provincial identity in Qusar and Zachmaz. Alternate Names: Kiurinty, Lezghi, Lezgian, Lezgin. Dialects: Quba. Classification: North Caucasian, East Caucasian, Lezgic, Nuclear Lezgic, East Lezgic. Comments: Muslim.

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Russian
[rus] 122,000 in Azerbaijan (2011 UNSD). Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, East. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Rutul
[rut] Qakh and Shaki districts. 6,000 in Azerbaijan (2015). Ethnic population: 17,000 (Clarkson and Iurkova 2015). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Knovtsy, Myhadbyr. Dialects: Borsh-Khnov (Mykhad). Classification: North Caucasian, East Caucasian, Lezgic, Nuclear Lezgic, West Lezgic. Comments: Muslim.

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Talysh
[tly] Astara, Lankaran, and Lerik districts: Caspian coast south of Viliazh-Chai river. 68,700 in Azerbaijan (2011 UNSD). Total users in all countries: 184,100. Status: 4 (Educational). De facto language of provincial identity in Astara, Lankaran, Lerik, Masally districts. Alternate Names: Talesh, Talish, Talyshi. Dialects: Astara, Lenkoran, Lerik, Massali. Northern Talyshi in Azerbaijan and Iran. Dialects in Azerbaijan are similar. Dialects in Iran may be separate languages. Reportedly similar to Harzani [hrz]. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Northwestern, Talysh. Comments: Muslim.

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Tat, Muslim
[ttt] Balakhan district: Surakhan region on Apsheron peninsula; Baku, Davichi, Kuba, Sizan, and Vartashen cities; Afruja, Chichi, Dagkushu, Genvab, Konakhkend, Lakhij, and Matrasa villages; widespread in mountains near Qonaqkend. 22,800 in Azerbaijan (2011 UNSD). Total users in all countries: 32,810. Status: 7 (Shifting). De facto language of provincial identity in Quba, Shabran, Siazan. Alternate Names: Muslim Tat, Mussulman Tati, Tati. Dialects: Quba, Devechi, Qonaqkend, Qyzyl Qazma, Aruskush-Daqqushchu (Khyzy), Absheron, Balakhani, Surakhani, Lahyj, Malham. Difficult intelligibility of Judeo-Tat [jdt]. Reportedly similar to Farsi [pes]. Balakhani are recent exiles from Iran. Lahyj dialect may be a separate language. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Southwestern, Tat. Comments: Different from Takestani [tks] of Iran. Muslim.

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Tsakhur
[tkr] Qakh and Zaqatala districts. 16 villages. 11,700 in Azerbaijan (2011 UNSD). Total users in all countries: 22,300. Status: 6b (Threatened). De facto language of provincial identity in Tovuz District. Alternate Names: Caxur, Sakhur, Tsakhury, Ts’axna Miz, Tsaxur, Yedna Miz, Yikbi, Yiqny Miz. Dialects: Muslax, Mishlesh, Cinix, Kalyal Muxax, Suvagil. Classification: North Caucasian, East Caucasian, Lezgic, Nuclear Lezgic, West Lezgic. Comments: Muslim.

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Udi
[udi] Oghuz and Qabala districts: Mirzabeyli, Niç, and Oghuz. 3,800 in Azerbaijan (2011 UNSD). Total users in all countries: 6,590. Status: 5 (Developing). De facto language of provincial identity in Qabala District. Alternate Names: Udin, Uti. Dialects: Oghuz (Vartashen), Nidzh (Nic, Nij, Nizh), Oktomberi. Oktomberi dialect more divergent from Nic Udi than from Oghuz Udi. One of the most divergent Lezgian (Lezgic) languages. Classification: North Caucasian, East Caucasian, Lezgic, Udi. Comments: Nic dialect is vigorous (6a). Oghuz dialect is moribund (8a), as only about 100 persons remain in Oghuz. Christian.

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