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Armenian, Western
[hyw] Major cities. Population: 5,620 in Bulgaria (2011 census). Status: 5* (Dispersed). Classification: Indo-European, Armenian.

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Aromanian
[rup] Blagoevgrad and Kyustendil provinces; Pazardzhit province: Peshtera, Rakitovo, and Velingrad municipalities. Population: 9,800 in Bulgaria (2016 J. Leclerc). Status: 6a* (Vigorous). De facto language of provincial identity in Blagoevgrad, Kyustendil, Pazardzhik, Plovdiv, Sofia, Sofia Capital, Stanamaka, Stara Zagora, Veliko Tarnovo and Vidin provinces. Alternate Names: Armani, Armina, Armini, Arumanian, Macedo, Macedo-Rumanian, Romanian. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Eastern.

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Balkan Gagauz Turkish
[bgx] Silistra province: Dulova municipality, near Isperih town. Deli Orman area (Gajal dialect). Population: Status: 7 (Shifting). Dialects: Gajal. Classification: Turkic, Southern, Turkish.

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Bulgarian
[bul] Population: 6,840,000 in Bulgaria (European Commission 2012). Total users in all countries: 8,144,880. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1991, Constitution, Article 3). Autonym: български език‎ (bălgarski ezik). Dialects: Palityan (Bogomil, Palitiani). Palityan dialect is functionally intelligible with standard Bulgarian. The Pomak dialect spoken in Greece is reportedly similar to Serbian [srp] and Bulgarian; geographical dialect variation toward each. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, South, Eastern.

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Bulgarian Sign Language
[bqn] Scattered. Population: 37,000 (2014 IMB). 50,000 sign language users (2014 EUD). Status: 5* (Developing). Alternate Names: Balgarski žestomimičen ezik, BŽE. Dialects: None known. Different sign languages are used in school and by adults outside. Classification: Sign language.

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Crimean Tatar
[crh] Dobrich province: Krushari municipality. Population: 1,370 in Bulgaria (2011 census). Status: 5* (Developing). Alternate Names: Crimean, Crimean Turkish, Qirim, Qirimtatar. Dialects: Northern Crimean (Crimean Nogai, Steppe Crimean), Central Crimean, Southern Crimean. Classification: Turkic, Southern.

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English
[eng] Population: 1,802,500 in Bulgaria, all users. L1 users: 2,500 in Bulgaria (2016 J. Leclerc). L2 users: 1,800,000 (European Commission 2012). Status: 4 (Educational). Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, English.

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Gagauz
[gag] Dobrich province: Dobrich and Krusheri municipalities; Silistra province: Atafar and Kaybardzha municipalities; Varna province: Aksakovo municipality. Population: 5,000 in Bulgaria (Salminen 2007). Status: 5* (Developing). Alternate Names: Gagauz dili, Gagauzi, Gagauzça. Dialects: Bulgar Gagauz, Maritime Gagauz. Classification: Turkic, Southern, Turkish.

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Macedonian
[mkd] Blagoevgrad province: Blagoevgrad, Simitli, and Strumjani municipalities. Population: 1,400 in Bulgaria (2011 census). Status: 6b* (Threatened). Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, South, Eastern.

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Romani, Balkan
[rmn] Scattered near urban areas; Burgas, Gabrovo, Grad Sofiya, Sliven, and Sofiya provinces; Stara Zagora province: Kazanlak municipality. From Sofia to the Black Sea (Central dialect); central and northwest Bulgaria (Tinsmiths’ dialect); Sofia region (Arlija dialect); Sliven and Varna provinces (Drindari dialect). Population: 481,000 in Bulgaria, all users. L1 users: 281,000 in Bulgaria (2011 census). 100,000 Arlija, 20,000 Dzambazi, 10,000 Tinsmiths, 10,000 East Bulgarian. L2 users: 200,000 (Gunnemark and Kenrick 1985). Status: 6a* (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Gypsy. Dialects: Arli (Erli, Sofia Erli), Tinners Romani, Greek Romani, Dzambazi, East Bulgarian Romani, Paspatian, Ironworker Romani, Drindari (Chalgijis, Kitajis), Pazardžik Kalajdži, Khorakhani. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Intermediate Divisions, Western, Romani, Balkan.

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Romani, Vlax
[rmy] Sofiya province: Ihtiman. Population: 1,830 in Bulgaria (2011 census). Status: 5* (Developing). Alternate Names: Rom. Dialects: Ihtiman. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Intermediate Divisions, Western, Romani, Vlax.

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Turkish
[tur] Burgas province: Kameno, Malko Tarnovo, east Sredets, Sozopol, and Tsarevo municipalities; Khaskovo and Kurdzhali provinces; Smolyan province: Banite, Madan, and Nedelino municipalities; Stara Zagora and Yambol provinces: small border areas. Population: 606,000 in Bulgaria (2011 census). Status: 5* (Dispersed). Recognized language (1991, National Education Act , No. 86/18.10.1991), Allows mother-tongue education in primary grades 1–8 for Turkish speakers. Alternate Names: Osmanli, Turki, Türkçe. Dialects: Danubian, Razgrad, Dinler, Macedonian Turkish. Classification: Turkic, Southern, Turkish.

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Yiddish, Eastern
[ydd] Scattered. Population: No known L1 speakers in Bulgaria. Ethnic population: 2,200 (2016 World Jewish Congress). Status: 9 (Dormant). Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, High German, Yiddish.

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