Arabic, Baharna Spoken
[abv] Widespread. 400,000 (2004 J. Leclerc). Total users in all countries: 410,000. Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language. Alternate Names: Baharna, Baharnah, Bahraini Shi’ite Arabic. Autonym: العربية البحرانية (Arab Bahraini). Dialects: Sunni Spoken Arabic. A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Comments: Muslim.
Arabic, Gulf Spoken
[pes] 80,000 (2004 J. Leclerc). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Ajamic. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Southwestern, Persian. Comments: Non-indigenous. Descendants of Persians of the post-Ottoman pre-British era when Bahrain belonged to Persia and later Iran. Muslim.