[fra] 2,200 in Burundi (2004). L2 users: 841,000 in Burundi (2013). Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Rhaetian, Oïl, French. Comments: Non-indigenous.
[run] Widespread. 10,000,000 in Burundi (2006 World Factbook), increasing. 4,000,000 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 10,000,000. Total users in all countries: 10,661,000. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (2005, Constitution, Article 5). Alternate Names: Hima, Kirundi, Urundi. Dialects: Ikibo, Ikirundi, Ikiragane, Igisoni, Ikinyabweru, Ikiyogoma, Ikimoso (Urumoso). All dialects except Twa are reportedly very similar to each other and to Kinyarwanda [kin]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, J, Ruanda-Rundi (D.62). Comments: Ethnic groups: Hutu 80%–85%, Tutsi 14%–15%, Twa (Gesera, Pygmy) 1% (30,000; Barrett 1982). Christian.
[swh] Widespread in the capital. L1 in Buyenzi, Quartier asiatique, Muslim and Congolese neighborhoods (probably Congo Swahili [swc]). Spoken by Muslims in other cities like Gitega. 6,360 in Burundi (2000), increasing. Status: 3 (Wider communication). Alternate Names: Bajun. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, G, Swahili (G.42). Comments: Non-indigenous. In Burundi, it is a mixture of Congolese and Tanzanian or Kenyan Swahili. Muslim.