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1 (National). Statutory national language (1994, Constitution, Article 17(1)), largely symbolic use. L1 users: 2,230,000 (2011 census). The majority of Belarusans speak Russian [rus] as their L1. Ethnic population: 7,960,000 (2009 census). Total users in all countries: 2,560,170.
1 (National). Statutory national working language (1998, Languages Act, Article 2(1)). 6,978,000 in Belarus, all users. L1 users: 6,670,000 (2011 census). Russian [rus] is spoken by most of the population in Belarus as their L1. L2 users: 308,000 (Arefyev 2012). Ethnic population: 785,000 (2009 census).
4 (Educational). L1 users: 231,000 (1991).
5 (Developing). L1 users: 12,000 (2015 L. Jouve).
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