Congo

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Aka
[axk] Cuvette, Likouala, and Sangha departments. Population: 15,000 in Congo (Cavalli-Sforza 1986). Status: 5* (Developing). Alternate Names: Babinga, Beka, Binga, Mòáka, Yaka. Dialects: Basese (Eastern Aka), Bambenzele (Western Aka). Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Ngondi (C.104).

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Akwa
[akw] Cuvette department: Makoua district; Cuvette-Ouest department: east. Population: 36,000 (2014 J. Leclerc). Status: 6b* (Threatened). Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Mboshi (C.22).

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American Sign Language
[ase] Scattered. Population: Status: 5* (Developing). Alternate Names: ASL, Langue des signes américaine, Langue des signes congolaise, Langue des signes du Congo. Classification: Sign language.

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Beembe
[beq] Bouenza department: Mabgombo and Mouyondzi districts, Kingoué and Sibiti; Pool department: northwest of Brazzaville. Population: 100,000 (2007 census). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Bembe. Autonym: Kibeembe. Dialects: Keenge (Kikeenge, Kinkeenge), Yari (Kiyari). Dialect subgroup. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, H, Kikongo (H.11).

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Bekwel
[bkw] Sangha department: on Cameroon border, near Gabon border, almost to Ouesso. Population: 12,000 in Congo (2014 J. Leclerc). Total users in all countries: 16,000. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Bakwele, Bakwil, Bekwil. Dialects: Zalagee, Ebaa, Mekwoob, Mebeeza, Koolo. Reportedly similar to Mpumpong [mgg]. Lexical similarity: 85% with Koonzime [ozm]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Makaa-Njem (A.85).

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Bobangi
[bni] Cuvette department: Mossaka district, on Congo river; Likouala department: Epena district. Population: 90,000 in Congo (2014 J. Leclerc). Status: 5* (Developing). Alternate Names: Bangi, Bubangi, Bungi, Dzamba, Lobobangi, Rebu, Zamba. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Bangi-Ntomba (C.32).

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Bomitaba
[zmx] Likouala department: Epena district, along Likouala-aux-Herbes river. Population: 14,000 in Congo (2014 J. Leclerc). Total users in all countries: 14,220. Status: 6b* (Threatened). Alternate Names: Bamitaba, Leke, Mbomitaba, Mbomotaba. Dialects: Northern Bomitaba (Matoki), Central Bomitaba (Epena). Related to Bongili [bui]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Ngondi (C.14).

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Bomwali
[bmw] Sangha department: Ouesso district. Population: 42,000 in Congo (2014 J. Leclerc). Total users in all countries: 48,100. Status: 6a* (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Bomali, Boumoali, Bumali, Lino, Sangasanga, Sanghasangha. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Makaa-Njem (A.87).

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Bongili
[bui] Cuvette and Likouala departments; Sangha department: Sangha river area, southeast of Ouesso, to Pikounda area; Liouesso district. Population: 9,800 (2014 J. Leclerc). Status: 5* (Developing). Alternate Names: Bokiba, Bongiri, Bungili, Bungiri. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Ngondi (C.15).

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Bonjo
[bok] Likouala department: Dongou and Impfondo districts, Ibenga, Oubangui, and Motaba river areas. Population: 3000 Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Impfondo, Mbonzo. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Ngondi (C.143).

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Bwisi
[bwz] Niari department: Kibangou district, Banda area on Gabon border. Population: 3,020 in Congo (2000). Total users in all countries: 4,250. Status: 6b* (Threatened). Alternate Names: Ibwisi, Mbwisi. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Shira-Punu (B.401).

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Dibole
[bvx] Cuvette department; Likouala department: south Epena district; 16 villages. Population: 4,000 (Leitch 2004). 800 monolinguals (Leitch 2004). Ethnic population: 4,000. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Babole, Southern Bomitaba. Dialects: Northern Dibole (Dzeke), Central Dibole (Kinami), Southern Dibole (Bouanila). Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Ngondi (C.101).

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Doondo
[dde] Bouenza department: Boko-Songho, Madingou, and Mfouati districts; Pool department, southwest Mindouli district. Population: 30,000 (2007 census). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Dondo, Kidoondo. Dialects: Boko-Songho, Mfouati, Kimbedi, Kinkeenge. Part of Kongo subgroup. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, H, Kikongo (H.112).

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Fang
[fan] Sangha department. Population: 8,100 in Congo (2007). Status: 5* (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Pahouin, Pamue. Dialects: Make, Ntum (Ntumu), Ogowe. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Ewondo-Fang (A.75).

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French
[fra] Population: 2,759,200 in Congo, all users. L1 users: 9,200 in Congo (2014 J. Leclerc). L2 users: 2,750,000 (2016). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (2002, Constitution, Article 6). Alternate Names: Français. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Rhaetian, Oïl, French.

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Gbaya
[gya] Likouala department: Epena district; Sangha department: scattered on Cameroon border. Population: 2,000 in Congo (Johnstone 1993). Status: 5* (Developing). Alternate Names: Baya, Northwest Gbaya. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Ubangi, Gbaya-Manza-Ngbaka, Northwest.

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Kaamba
[xku] Bouenza department: Madingou and Nkayi districts; Lékoumou department: Sibiti district. Population: 1,500 (2007 census). Status: 6b* (Threatened). Alternate Names: Kamba, Kikaamba. Dialects: None known. Part of Kongo subgroup. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, H, Kikongo (H.112).

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Kako
[kkj] Likouala department: Ibenga and Motaba rivers, scattered. Population: 11,000 in Congo (2014 J. Leclerc). Status: 5* (Developing). Alternate Names: Kaka, Nkoxo, Yaka. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Kaka (A.93).

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Kituba
[mkw] Mainly between Brazzaville and Pointe-Noire. Population: 1,490,000 (2014 J. Leclerc). Status: 3 (Wider communication). Statutory language of national identity (2002, Constitution, Article 6), recognized as lingua franca. Kituba is used throughout the south in churches, the market and the media (2014 SIL). Alternate Names: Kikongo-Kituba, Kikoongo, Monokutuba, Munukutuba. Autonym: Kituba. Dialects: None known. Reportedly similar to Kituba [ktu] of Democratic Republic of the Congo. Classification: Creole, Kongo based.

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Koongo
[kng] Pool department: Boko district, west and northwest of Brazzaville. Population: 16,500 in Congo (2007 census). Status: 5* (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Congo, Kikongo, Kikoongo, Kongo, Kongo-Nseke. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, H, Kikongo (H.16).

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Kota
[koq] Cuvette-Ouest department: west of Mbomo; Sangha department: Liouesso district. Population: 14,000 in Congo (2014 J. Leclerc). Status: 6a* (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Ikota, Ikuta. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Kele (B.25).

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Koyo
[koh] Cuvette department: Owando district; Cuvette-Ouest department: Ewo district. Population: 1000 Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Ekoyo, Kouyou. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Mboshi (C.24).

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Kunyi
[njx] Bouenza, Kouilou, and Niari regions, south and southeast from Makabana to Democratic Republic of the Congo border. Population: 116,000 (2014 J. Leclerc). Status: 6a* (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Kikunyi, Kugni. Dialects: Nyaanga (Kinyaanga). Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, H, Kikongo (H.13).

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Laari
[ldi] Bouenza department: Mouyondzi district; Pool department: west and northwest of Brazzaville. Population: 135,000 in Congo (2014 J. Leclerc). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Kilari, Laadi, Ladi, Lali, Lari. Dialects: Ghaangala (Hangala, Kighaangala), Laari de Biiza, Laari de Kinkala. A member of macrolanguage Kongo [kon]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, H, Kikongo (H.16).

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Likuba
[kxx] Cuvette department: on Congo river above Sangha river mouth; Plateaux department: Alima river south bank. Population: 45,000 (2014 J. Leclerc). Status: 6a* (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Kuba. Dialects: None known. Mutually intelligible with Likwala [kwc]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Mboshi (C.27).

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Likwala
[kwc] Cuvette department: lower reaches of Likouala-aux-Herbes, Likouala-Mossaka, and Sangha rivers. Population: 67,000 (2014 J. Leclerc). Status: 6a* (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Ekwala, Kwala, Likouala. Dialects: None known. Mutually intelligible with Likuba [kxx]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Mboshi (C.26).

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Lingala
[lin] Mainly Brazzaville and surrounding areas in Pool department. Population: 181,000 in Congo (2014 J. Leclerc). Status: 3 (Wider communication). Statutory language of national identity (2002, Constitution, Article 6), generally northern. Lingala is used throughout the area north of Brazzaville in the churches, the market and the media (2014 SIL). Alternate Names: Ngala. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Bangi-Ntomba (C.30).

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Lumbu
[lup] Bouenza and Kouilou departments; Niari department: Kibangou district, between Kibangou and Gabon border. Population: 3,020 in Congo (2000). Status: 6b* (Threatened). Alternate Names: Ilumbu. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Shira-Punu (B.44).

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Mbandja
[zmz] Likouala department: Oubangui river area. Population: 12,000 in Congo (2014 J. Leclerc). Status: 5* (Developing). Alternate Names: Banja, Mbanja, Mbanza. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Ubangi, Banda, Southern.

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Mbangwe
[zmn] Lékoumou department: Bambama district. Population: 1,510 in Congo (2000). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: M’bahouin. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Kele (B.23).

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Mbere
[mdt] Cuvette-Ouest department: north Ewo and Kelle districts. Population: 90,000 in Congo (2014 J. Leclerc). Total users in all countries: 135,500. Status: 6a* (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Limbede, Mbédé, Mbété. Dialects: Ngwii. Lexical similarity: 77% with Mbamba [mbm], 76% with Ngungwel [ngz], 74% with Teke-Tege [teg], 70% with Teke-Tsaayi [tyi]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Mbete (B.61).

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Mboko
[mdu] Cuvette department: west Makoua district; Sangha department. Population: 40,000 (2014 J. Leclerc). Status: 6a* (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Mboxo, Mbuku. Dialects: Ngare. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Mboshi (C.21).

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Mbosi
[mdw] Cuvette department: Boundiji, Mossaka, and Owando districts; Cuvette-Ouest department: Ewo district; Plateaux department: Abala district. Population: 161,000 (2014 J. Leclerc). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Embosi, Mbochi, Mboshe, Mboshi. Autonym: Embɔ́sí. Dialects: Bunji (Mbonzi), Olee, Ondinga, Ngolo, Eboi. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Mboshi (C.25).

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Moi
[mow] Cuvette and Plateaux regions: Oubangui river west bank, Alima river mouth, south of Mossaka. Population: 3,020 (2000). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Lemoi, Mahican, Rebu. Dialects: None known. Reportedly related to Lingala [lin]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Bangi-Ntomba (C.32).

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Monzombo
[moj] Likouala department: on Oubangui river. Population: 12,000 in Congo (2014 J. Leclerc). Total users in all countries: 18,600. Status: 6b* (Threatened). Alternate Names: Mondjembo, Monjombo, Munzombo. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Ubangi, Sere-Ngbaka-Mba, Ngbaka-Mba, Ngbaka, Western, Monzombo.

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Mpyemo
[mcx] Sangha department: on Cameroon border. Population: Status: 6a* (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Bimu, Mbimou, Mbimu, Mbyemo, Mpo. Dialects: Jasoa (Jasua), Bidjuki (Bidjouki), Mpyemo. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Makaa-Njem (A.86).

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Ndasa
[nda] Lékoumou department: west of Zanaga. Population: 4,530 in Congo (2000). Total users in all countries: 5,530. Status: 6a* (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Andasa. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Kele (B.201).

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Ngbaka
[nga] Likouala department: Oubangui river west bank, between Impfondo and Congo river confluence. Population: 3,650 in Congo (2000). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Ubangi, Gbaya-Manza-Ngbaka, East.

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Ngbaka Ma’bo
[nbm] Likouala department: possibly from nearby large language areas in Central African Republic and Democratic Republic of Congo. Population: 135,000 in Congo (2014 J. Leclerc). Status: 5* (Developing). Alternate Names: Bouaka, Bwaka, Gbala, Ma’bo, Mbacca, Mbaka, Nbwaka, Ngbaka Limba. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Ubangi, Sere-Ngbaka-Mba, Ngbaka-Mba, Ngbaka, Western, Bwaka.

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Ngom
[nra] Cuvette-Ouest department: northwest of Mbomo. Population: 4,530 in Congo (2000). Status: 6a* (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Angom, Bangom, Bangomo, Ongom, Ungom, Ungomo. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Kele (B.22).

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Ngundi
[ndn] Sangha department: east of Ouesso. Population: 3,000 in Congo (2004). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Ingundi, Ngondi. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Ngondi (C.11).

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Ngungwel
[ngz] Plateaux department: Gamboma district. Population: 45,000 (1988 SIL). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Engungwel, Ngangoulou, Ngangulu, Ngungulu, Northeastern Teke. Dialects: Mpu (Mpumpu, Mpumpum). Seen as separate from Teke, although part of the Teke family. Lexical similarity: 89% with Boo [ebo], 81% with Kukua [kkw], 77% with Teghe [teg], 76% with Tsaayi [tyi] and Mbere [mdt], 75% with Tyee [tyx], 68% with Laali [lli], 61% with Yaa [iyx]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.72).

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Njebi
[nzb] Niari department: Mayoko district. Population: 20,000 in Congo (2014 J. Leclerc). Status: 5* (Developing). Alternate Names: Binzabi, Injebi, Ndjabi, Njabi, Njevi, Nzebi, Yinjebi, Yinzebi. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Nzebi (B.52).

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Njyem
[njy] Sangha department: Souanke district, north into Cameroon. Population: 3,500 in Congo. 2,980 monolinguals. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Djem, Dzem, Ndjem, Ndjeme, Ndzem, Ngyeme, Njem, Nyem, Zimu. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Makaa-Njem (A.84).

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Ombamba
[mbm] Lékoumou department: Bambama district. Population: 20,000 (2014 J. Leclerc). Status: 6a* (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Lembaamba, Mbaama, Mbama, Mbamba. Dialects: None known. Lexical similarity: 81% with Teghe [teg], 77% with Mbere [mdt], 66% with Tsaayi [tyi]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Mbete (B.62).

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Pomo
[pmm] Sangha department: north of Ouesso, on Cameroon and Central African Republic borders. Population: 5,430 in Congo (2000). Status: 6a* (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Congo Pol, Pol, Pori, Pul. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Kaka (A.92).

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Punu
[puu] Niari department: toward Gabon border. Population: 14,000 in Congo (2014 J. Leclerc). Status: 5* (Developing). Alternate Names: Ipounou, Ipunu, Pouno, Puno, Yipunu. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Shira-Punu (B.43).

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Suundi
[sdj] Pool department: Boko, Kindamba, Kinkala, and Mayama districts; Bouenza and Niari departments: border areas. Population: 183,000 (2014 J. Leclerc). Status: 6a* (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Kissoundi, Kisuundi, Soundi, Suundi de Kifouma, Suundi de Kimongo. Dialects: Kisuundi kya Mayama, Kisuundi kya Ngwaari, Kisuundi kya Nkeleke. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, H, Kikongo (H.131).

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Teke-Eboo
[ebo] Plateaux department: Lefini river east to Congo river, north to Engankou and west to Allion. Population: 20,400 in Congo (2000). 740,000 all Teke languages in Congo (2012 World Factbook). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Aboo, Bamboma, Boma, Boo, Boõ, Central Teke, Eboo Teke, Eboom, Iboo, Teke-Boma. Dialects: Teke-Nzikou. Eboo is the language of the ancient Teke kings. Teke-Eboo [ebo], Teke-Nzikou [nzu], and Teke-Fuumu [ifm] are reportedly similar enough to easily share the same literature. Lexical similarity: 63% with Iyaa, 69% with Laali [lli], 75% with Tsaayi [tyi], 85% with Tyee [tyx], 86% with Kukuya [kkw], 89% with Ngungwel [ngz], 79% with Teke-Tege [teg]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.74).

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Teke-Fuumu
[ifm] Plateaux department: south and west of Lefini river (Wuumu dialect); Pool department: north of Brazzaville (Fuumu dialect). Population: 8,150 (2000). 740,000 all Teke languages in Congo (2012 World Factbook). Status: 6b* (Threatened). Alternate Names: Fumu, Fuumu, Kiteke, South Central Teke, Teke du Pool. Dialects: Fuumu (Fumu, Ifuumu, Mfumu), Wuumu (Iwuumu, Wumbu). Teke-Eboo [ebo],Teke-Nzikou [nzu], and Teke-Fuumu [ifm] are reportedly similar enough to easily share the same literature. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.77).

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Teke-Ibali
[tek] Pool department: Brazzaville area, on Congo river. Population: 36,200 in Congo (2000). 740,000 all Teke languages in Congo (2012 World Factbook). Status: 6b* (Threatened). Alternate Names: Bali, Eastern Teke, Ibali, Kiteke. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.75).

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Teke-Kukuya
[kkw] Plateaux department: Lekana district, east of Leketi river. Population: 38,800 (2000). 740,000 all Teke languages in Congo (2012 World Factbook). Status: 6a* (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Chikuya, Cikuya, Kikuwa, Kikuya, Koukouya, Kukua, Kukuya, Kukwa, Southern Teke. Dialects: None known. Lexical similarity: 86% with Eboo [ebo], 85% with Tyee [tyx], 81% with Ngungwel [ngz], 80% with Tsaayi [tyi], 79% with Teke-Tege [teg], 75% with Laali [lli], 70% with Yaka [iyx]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.77).

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Teke-Laali
[lli] Lékoumou department: south of Komono. Population: 2,100 (2006). 740,000 all Teke languages in Congo (2012 World Factbook). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Ilaali, Laali, West Teke. Dialects: None known. Lexical similarity: 81% with Tsaayi [tyi], 78% with Tyee [tyx]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.73).

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Teke-Nzikou
[nzu] Plateaux department: Djambala area; Pool department. Population: Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Central Teke, Ndzindziu, Njiunjiu, Njyunjyu. Dialects: Teke-Eboo. A hybrid of the dialects is emerging among young people. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.74).

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Teke-Tege
[teg] Cuvette-Ouest department: Ewo and Okoyo districts; Plateaux department: Abala district, west of Mpama river. Population: 49,300 in Congo (2000). 740,000 all Teke languages in Congo (2012 World Factbook). Status: 6a* (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Iteghe, Keteghe, Northern Teke, Teghe, Teke Alima, Teke Kali. Dialects: Kateghe (Nzikini), Keteghe. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.71).

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Teke-Tsaayi
[tyi] Lékoumou department: east of Mossendjo; Pool department: Kindema district. Population: 95,900 (2000). 740,000 all Teke languages in Congo (2012 World Factbook). Status: 6b* (Threatened). Alternate Names: Getsaayi, Tsaayi, Tsaya, Tsaye, Tsayi, West Teke. Dialects: None known. Lexical similarity: 76% with Tyee [tyx], 80% with Kukuya [kkw]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.73).

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Teke-Tyee
[tyx] Bouenza, Lékoumou, and Pool departments: between Kitembe and Makaka. Population: 14,400. 740,000 all Teke languages in Congo (2012 World Factbook). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Kwe, Tee, Tyee, West Teke. Dialects: None known. Lexical similarity: 85% with Kukuya [kkw] and Eboo [ebo]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.73).

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Tsaangi
[tsa] Lékoumou department; Niari department: north and northwest of Mossendjo. Population: 20,000 in Congo (2014 J. Leclerc). Total users in all countries: 28,610. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Icaangi, Itsangi, Tcengui, Tchangui, Tsangi, Tsengi. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Nzebi (B.53).

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Vili
[vif] Kouilou and Pointe-Noire departments: coast between Angola and Gabon borders, Yoombe Island; Niari department. Population: 11,000 in Congo (2014 J. Leclerc). Total users in all countries: 14,690. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Bavili, Civili, Fiot, Fiote, Tshivili, Tsivili. Dialects: Civili ci Loango, Civili ci Moongo, Civili ci Yombe, Civili ci Waanda, Kotchi, Lindji, Woyo. A dialect subgroup. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, H, Kikongo (H.12).

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Wumbvu
[wum] Niari department: north to Gabon border. Population: 9,000 in Congo (2014 J. Leclerc). Status: 6a* (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Aka, Baaka, Babinga, Bambendjele, Bambenga, Beka, Biaka, Pygmy, Wumvu. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Kele (B.24).

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Yaka
[iyx] Lékoumou department: Sibiti district. Population: 31,000 (2014 J. Leclerc). Status: 6a* (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Iyaka, West Teke, Yaa. Dialects: None known. Lexical similarity: 91% with Laali [lli], 74% with Tsaayi [tyi], 69% with Tyee [tyx]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.73).

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Yombe
[yom] Kouilou and Niari departments. Population: 26,000 in Congo (Mabiala 1996). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Bayombe, Kiombi, Kiyombe, Kiyoombi. Dialects: Mbala (Mumbala), Vungunya (Kivungunya, Yombe Classique). Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, H, Kikongo (H.16).

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