Costa Rica

Print
Boruca
[brn] South coast between Playa Bonita and Golfito. 3 (Adelaar 2007). 30–35 nonfluent speakers. Ethnic population: 1,000 (1991). Status: 8b (Nearly extinct). Alternate Names: Borunca, Brunca, Brunka, Burunca Classification: Chibchan, Chibchan A

More Information

Bribri
[bzd] South, Limón Province, Talamanca canton, along Lari, Telire, and Uren rivers; Puntarenas Province, Buenos Aires canton. 11,000 (2002). Ethnic population: 12,200 (2000). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Talamanca Dialects: Amubre-Katsi, Coroma, Salitre-Cabagra. Most similar to, but unintelligible with Cabécar [cjp], Maleku Jaika [gut], and Teribe [tfr]. Classification: Chibchan, Chibchan A, Viceitic

More Information

Cabécar
[cjp] Turrialba region. 8,840 (2000). 7,070 monolinguals (80%). The only language in Costa Rica with monolingual speakers, mostly women (Adelaar 2007). Ethnic population: 9,310 (2000). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Chirripó Dialects: Chirripó, Estrella, Telire, Ujarrás. Classification: Chibchan, Chibchan A, Viceitic Comments: Identified historically with Huetares.

More Information

Costa Rican Sign Language
[csr] Status: 6a (Vigorous). Dialects: May be related to Providencia Sign Language [prz]. Lexical similarity: 60% with ASL [ase]. Classification: Deaf sign language

More Information

Limón Creole English
[jam] East of San José, principally railroad area between Siquirres and Limón, road south of Limón. 55,100 in Costa Rica (1986). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Southwestern Caribbean Creole English Classification: Creole, English based, Atlantic, Western Comments: Jamaican migrants settled in Limón and Panama middle of the 19th century, so those varieties are similar. Some say they do not understand Islander Creole English [icr] of San Andrés.

More Information

Maléku Jaíka
[gut] Northern lowlands in Alajuela Province, two main reservations: Tonjibe and Margarita. 750 (2000). Ethnic population: 1,070 (2000). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Guatuso Classification: Chibchan, Chibchan B, Votic

More Information

Ngäbere
[gym] 5,100 in Costa Rica (2000). Ethnic population: 5,360 (2000). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Guaymí Classification: Chibchan, Chibchan A, Guaymiíc

More Information

Plautdietsch
[pdt] Sarapiqui area. 2,000 in Costa Rica (Salminen 2007). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Low German, Mennonite German Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, Low Saxon-Low Franconian, Low Saxon Comments: Christian.

More Information

Spanish
[spa] 4,000,000 in Costa Rica (2011). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1949, Constitution, Article 76). Alternate Names: Castellano, Español Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, West Iberian, Castilian

More Information

Teribe
[tfr] Puntarenas Province, near Boruca Reservation. No known L1 speakers in Costa Rica. Ethnic population: 500 (Adelaar 2007). Status: 9 (Dormant). Alternate Names: Terraba Classification: Chibchan, Chibchan A

More Information