Costa Rica

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Boruca
[brn] Puntarenas province: south coast between Golfito and Playa Bonita. Population: No known L1 speakers (2010 D. Castro-Garcia). 3 semi-speakers (Adelaar 2007). Ethnic population: 2,590 (2011 census). Status: 9 (Dormant). Alternate Names: Boruka, Borunca, Bronca, Brunca, Brunka, Burunca. Classification: Chibchan, Chibchan A.

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Bribri
[bzd] Limón province: Talamanca cantón, along Lari, Telire, and Uren rivers; Puntarenas province: Buenos Aires cantón. Population: 7,000 (2011 census). Ethnic population: 12,800 (2011 census). Status: 6b* (Threatened). Alternate Names: Talamanca. Autonym: Bribri. Dialects: Salitre-Cabagra, Amubre-Katsi, Coroma. Reportedly most similar to, but unintelligible with Cabécar [cjp], Maleku Jaika [gut], and Teribe [tfr]. Classification: Chibchan, Chibchan A, Viceitic.

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Cabécar
[cjp] Cartago, Limón, Puntarenas, San José provinces: Turrialba region. Population: 11,100 (2011 census). 2,000 monolinguals (2015 M. Porras). The only language in Costa Rica with monolingual speakers, mostly women (Adelaar 2007). Ethnic population: 12,700 (2011 census). Status: 6b* (Threatened). Alternate Names: Chirripó. Autonym: Cabécar. Dialects: Chirripó, Telire, Estrella, Ujarrás. Classification: Chibchan, Chibchan A, Viceitic.

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Costa Rican Sign Language
[csr] Scattered. Population: 70,700 people with hearing loss (2011 census), number of LESCO users not available. Status: 5 (Developing). Recognized language (2012, Ley 9049, Official Recognition of Costa Rican Sign Language). Alternate Names: LESCO, Lengua de Señas Costarricense, Lenguaje de Señas Costarricense. Dialects: New Costa Rican Sign Language (Modern Costa Rican Sign Language, NCRSL), Original Costa Rican Sign Language (OCRSL). Older and younger dialects differ due to influence from American Sign Language (ASL) [ase] starting in the 1970s (2008 C. Ramirez); younger signers not familiar with the older variety cannot understand it well (2013 A. Olviedo). Younger variety has 63% probable cognates with ASL [ase] on a 100-word modified Swadesh word list; older variety only 27% (Woodward 2011). Classification: Sign language.

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Limón Creole English
[jam] Limón province: East of San José, principally railroad area between Limón and Siquirres, road south of Limón. Population: 55,100 in Costa Rica (Winkler 2013). Status: 8a (Moribund). Alternate Names: Limonese Creole, Southwestern Caribbean Creole English. Classification: Creole, English based, Atlantic, Western.

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Maléku Jaíka
[gut] Alajuela province: Tonjibe and Margarita reservations; northern lowlands. Population: 750 (2000). Ethnic population: 1,070 (2000). Status: 7 (Shifting). Recognized language (2014, Reforma del Subsistema de Educación Indígena N° 37801-MEP). Alternate Names: Guatuso, Malécu lhaíca. Classification: Chibchan, Chibchan B, Votic.

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Ngäbere
[gym] Puntarenas province. Population: 2,840 in Costa Rica (2011 census). Ethnic population: 3,650 (2011 census). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Guaymí, Nove. Classification: Chibchan, Chibchan A, Guaymiíc.

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Plautdietsch
[pdt] Heredia province: Sarapiqui area. Population: 2,000 in Costa Rica (Salminen 2007). Status: 6b* (Threatened). Alternate Names: Low German, Mennonite German. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, Low Saxon-Low Franconian, Low Saxon.

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Spanish
[spa] Population: 4,804,600 in Costa Rica, all users. L1 users: 4,770,000 in Costa Rica (Instituto Cervantes 2017). L2 users: 34,600 (Instituto Cervantes 2017). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1949, Constitution, Article 76). Alternate Names: Castellano, Español. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, West Iberian, Castilian.

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Teribe
[tfr] Puntarenas province: near Boruca Reservation. Population: No known L1 speakers in Costa Rica. Ethnic population: 1,270 (2011 census). Status: 9 (Dormant). Alternate Names: Naso, Terraba. Classification: Chibchan, Chibchan A.

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Yiddish, Eastern
[ydd] San José. Population: Status: 7 (Shifting). Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, High German, Yiddish.

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