Cape Verde Islands

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Kabuverdianu
[kea] Boa Vista, Sal, Santo Antão, São Nicolau, and São Vicente islands (Kabuverdianu-Barlavente dialect); Brava, Fogo, Maio, and Santiago islands (Kabuverdianu-Sotaventu dialect). L1 users: 492,000 (2010 census), increasing. 325,000 Kabuverdianu-Sotaventu, 167,000 Kabuverdianu-Barlavente. 80,000 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 1,000,000. Total users in all countries: 733,730. Status: 4 (Educational). Statutory language of national identity (1992, Constitution, Article 9(2)), not co-equal with Portuguese. Alternate Names: Caboverdiano, Criol, Kriol, Krioulo, Krioulu, “Badiu” (pej.), “Sampadjudu” (pej.). Autonym: Crioulo, Kabuverdianu. Dialects: Kabuverdianu Sotavento (Caboverdiano-Sotavento, Kabuverdianu-Sotaventu), Kabuverdianu Barlavento (Caboverdiano-Barlavento, Kabuverdianu-Barlavente). Low mutual intelligibility between the dialects. Classification: Creole, Portuguese based. Comments: “Badiu” is a somewhat pejorative name for the indigenous inhabitants of the southern island of Santiago, often used by extension as the name for the variant of Kabuverdianu-Sotaventu spoken on this island. “Sanpadjudu” is a somewhat pejorative name for the indigenous inhabitants of the northern island of Santo Antão, often used by extension as the name for the variant of Kabeverdiane-Barlavente spoken on this island). Christian.

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Portuguese
[por] Urban centers. L1 users: There are very few L1 speakers, mostly Portuguese or Brazilian citizens, who tend to remain monolingual in Portuguese. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1992, Constitution, Article 9(1)). Alternate Names: Português. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, West Iberian, Portuguese-Galician. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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