[dan] Widespread. 5,380,000 in Denmark (European Commission 2012). Total users in all countries: 5,530,860. Status: 1 (National). De facto national language. Alternate Names: Dansk, Rigsdansk. Dialects: Bornholmsk (Bornholmian, Eastern Danish), Jutlandic (Jutish, Jutlandish, Jysk, Western Danish), Island Danish (Insular Danish). Jutish (Western Danish) has four sub-dialects: Sønderjysk (Southern Jutish), Vestjysk (Western Jutish), Østjysk (Eastern Jutish) and Nordjysk (Northern Jutish). Island Danish has two sub-dialects: Sjaelandsk (Zealand) and Fynsk (Funen). Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, North, East Scandinavian, Danish-Swedish, Danish-Riksmal, Danish. Comments: Many slowly disappearing dialects.
Danish Sign Language
[dsl] Scattered. 5,000 in Denmark (2007). 24,500 (2014 IMB). Status: 5 (Developing). Recognized language (2015, Law 61, amendment to Danish Language Council). Alternate Names: Dansk tegnsprog, DTS. Dialects: None known. Faroe Islands, Greenland (2014 J. Zachariassen, Aldersson and McEntee-Atalianis 2007). Some signs are related to French Sign Language [fsl]. Intelligible with Swedish [swl] and Norwegian [nsl] sign languages with only moderate difficulty. Not intelligible with Finnish Sign Language [fse]. Signed Danish is distinct, but used in communication with some hearing people. Classification: Sign language. Comments: Fingerspelling system similar to French Sign Language [fsl]. Organization for sign language teachers. Instruction provided for parents of deaf children and other hearing people. Christian.
[deu] South Denmark Region, North Slesvig. 25,900 in Denmark (2007). L2 users: 2,630,000 in Denmark (European Commission 2012). Status: 2 (Provincial). Statutory language of provincial identity in Syddanmark region (1955, Danish-German Agreement). Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, High German, German, Middle German, East Middle German. Comments: There are German schools.
[kal] 7,000 in Denmark (2007 L. Toreby). Status: 2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in Greenland (1978, Greenland Homerule Act No. 577, Article 9(1)). Alternate Names: Greenlandic Kalaallisut, Inuktitut, Kalaallisut. Classification: Eskimo-Aleut, Eskimo, Inuit-Inupiaq. Comments: Non-indigenous.
[rmd] No known L1 speakers. Status: 10 (Extinct). Alternate Names: Rodi, Rotwelsch. Dialects: None known. An independent language based on Danish [dan] with heavy lexical borrowing from Romani. Not inherently intelligible of Angloromani [rme]. May be intelligible of Traveller Norwegian [rmg] and Traveller Swedish [rmu]. Classification: Mixed language, Danish-Romani. Comments: Romani people transported to Denmark by James IV of Scotland in July 1505.