Dominica

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Dominican Creole French
[acf] Widespread. 42,600 (1998). Status: 5 (Developing). De facto language of national identity. Alternate Names: Kwèyòl, Patois, Patwa. Classification: Creole, French based. Comments: Loanwords from Island Carib [car] and Arawak [arw]. Christian.

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English
[eng] 70,000 in Dominica, all users. L1 users: 10,000 (2004). L2 users: 60,000 (Crystal 2003a). Status: 1 (National). De facto national language. Dialects: Dominican English. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, English. Comments: Non-indigenous. When Creole languages exist alongside their lexifier language, as in Dominica, a continuum forms of variations between the Creole and the lexifier language. It is therefore difficult to substantiate the number of Creole speakers and English speakers.

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Kokoy Creole English
[aig] Saint Andrew parish: Marigot, Wesley, and Woodford Hill in northeast Dominica; Saint John parish: Clifton (a suburb of Portsmouth) northwest. 200 (2004). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Broken English, Creole, Dialect, Leeward Caribbean Creole English, Patwa. Classification: Creole, English based, Atlantic, Eastern, Southern. Comments: Non-indigenous. There is a continuum of variation from basilectal Creole to acrolectal English of the educated. Many left the island after Soufriere Hills volcano eruption on 18 July, 1995.

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