Dominican Creole French
[eng] 70,000 in Dominica, all users. L1 users: 10,000 (2004). L2 users: 60,000 (Crystal 2003a). Status: 1 (National). De facto national language. Dialects: Dominican English. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, English. Comments: Non-indigenous. When Creole languages exist alongside their lexifier language, as in Dominica, a continuum forms of variations between the Creole and the lexifier language. It is therefore difficult to substantiate the number of Creole speakers and English speakers.
Kokoy Creole English
[aig] Saint Andrew parish: Marigot, Wesley, and Woodford Hill in northeast Dominica; Saint John parish: Clifton (a suburb of Portsmouth) northwest. L1 users: 200 (2004). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Broken English, Creole, Dialect, Leeward Caribbean Creole English, Patwa. Classification: Creole, English based, Atlantic, Eastern, Southern. Comments: Non-indigenous. There is a continuum of variation from basilectal Creole to acrolectal English of the educated. Many left the island after Soufriere Hills volcano eruption on 18 July, 1995.