Estonia

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Estonian
[est] Population total all languages: 1,165,400. Comments: Includes: Standard Estonian [ekk], V?æro [vro].

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Estonian Sign Language
[eso] Widespread, mostly in Tallinn and Pärnu. 4,500 users out of 1,600 deaf and 20,000 hearing impaired. 2,000 persons need regular help from interpreters (1998 U. Sutrop). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Viipekeel Dialects: Some local dialects. The dialect in Pärnu is most archaic. Influences from Finnish [fse] and Russian Sign Languages [rsl]. Classification: Deaf sign language

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Estonian, Standard
[ekk] 1,040,000 in Estonia (ELDIA 2012). Population total all countries: 1,105,400. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1992, Constitution, Article 52(1)). Alternate Names: Eesti Dialects: Mulgi, Tallinn (Reval), Tartu (Dorpat). Dialects are grouped into three: Northeastern Coastal Estonian (between Tallinn and Narva), North Estonian (island, western, central, and eastern dialects), and South Estonian (Mulgi, Tartu). All the other dialects are assimilated into Standard Estonian. Related to Võru [vro], Vod [vot] and Finnish [fin]. A member of macrolanguage Estonian [est]. Classification: Uralic, Finnic Comments: Some linguistic influences from Russian [rus], German [deu], Swedish [swe], Latvian [lav], Lithuanian [lit], and Finnish [fin]. Christian.

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Russian
[rus] 383,000 in Estonia (2011 census). Ethnic population: 321,000 (2011 census). L2 users: 725,000 in Estonia (ELDIA 2012). Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language. Classification: Indo-European, Slavic, East

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Võro
[vro] South-East Estonia - Võru and Põlva counties, parts of Valga and Tartu counties (about 10% of Estonia’s territory). 60,000 (2009 S. Iva). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Voro, Võro-Seto, Voru, Võru Dialects: Eastern Võro, Seto, Western Võro. Seto is linguisticaly very close to Eastern Võro but many Setos consider Seto an independent language. There are about 5,000 Seto speakers. A member of macrolanguage Estonian [est]. Classification: Uralic, Finnic Comments: Christian.

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