Egypt

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Arabic, Algerian Spoken
[arq] Scattered. Population: 1,590,000 in Egypt (2016). Status: 5* (Dispersed). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic.

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Arabic, Eastern Egyptian Bedawi Spoken
[avl] Al Bahr al Ahmar, Al Isma’iliyah, As Suways, and Bur Sa’id governorates: parts of Red Sea coast east bank, almost to south border; Janub Sina’, Shamal Sina’, and Sinai governorates: mainly Bedouin regions. Population: 1,030,000 in Egypt (2016). Total users in all countries: 2,217,600. Status: 6a* (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Levantine Bedawi Arabic, Levantine Bedawi Spoken Arabic. Autonym: بدوي‎ (Badawi). Dialects: Northeast Egyptian Bedawi Arabic, South Levantine Bedawi Arabic, North Levantine Bedawi Arabic. Similar to some Hijazi dialects in northwestern Saudi Arabia. A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic.

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Arabic, Egyptian Spoken
[arz] Widespread. Population: 62,300,000 in Egypt (2016). Total users in all countries: 64,618,100. Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language. Alternate Names: Lower Egypt Arabic, Massry, Modern Egyptian Language, Normal Egyptian Arabic. Autonym: مصري‎ (Masri). Dialects: North Delta Arabic, South Central Delta Arabic, Cairene Arabic. Egyptian Spoken Arabic, based on Cairo speech (Cairene) is the most widely understood variety used for media, both in Egypt and throughout the non-nomadic Arab world. It is an amalgam of Delta Arabic and Middle Egypt Arabic, with borrowings from literary Arabic. A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic.

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Arabic, Gulf Spoken
[afb] Scattered. Population: 1,490,000 in Egypt (2016). Status: 5* (Dispersed). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic.

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Arabic, Moroccan Spoken
[ary] Scattered. Population: 1,590,000 in Egypt (2016). Status: 5* (Dispersed). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic.

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Arabic, Sa’idi Spoken
[aec] Widespread. Population: 22,400,000 (2016). Status: 6a* (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Saidi Arabic, Upper Egypt Arabic. Dialects: Middle Egypt Arabic, Upper Egypt Arabic. Reportedly similar to Sudanese Arabic [apd], especially in the south, but heavily influenced by Cairene Arabic (Cairo speech). A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic.

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Arabic, Standard
[arb] Widespread. Population: 65,500,000 in Egypt (2015 SIL), all users. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (2014, Constitution, Article 2). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic.

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Arabic, Western Egyptian Bedawi Spoken
[ayl] Al Buhayrah, Al Iskandariyah, and Matruh governorates; Al Fayyum, Al Minya, Al Qahirah, Al Wadi al Jadid, and Bani Suwayf governorates: western oases. Bedouin regions along Mediterranean coast, west to Libya border. Population: 374,000 in Egypt (2016). Status: 6a* (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Bedawi, Libyan Spoken Arabic, Maghrebi Arabic, Sulaimitian Arabic. Dialects: Western Egyptian Bedawi Arabic, Tripolitanian Arabic, Southern Libyan Arabic, Eastern Libyan Arabic. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic.

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Armenian, Western
[hyw] Major cities. Population: 6,000 in Egypt (Zohry 2005). Status: 7 (Shifting). Classification: Indo-European, Armenian.

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Bedawiyet
[bej] Al Bahr al Ahmar Governorate; north of Marsa al ’Alam south to administrative boundary on Red Sea east coast. Population: 1,030,000 in Egypt (2016). Status: 5* (Developing). Alternate Names: Bedawi, Bedàwie, Beja, Bidhaawyeet, Tu Bdhaawi, Tubdhaawi. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Cushitic, North.

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Coptic
[cop] Al Wadi al Jadid governorate. Population: No known L1 speakers. Ethnic population: No ethnic community. Status: 9 (Second language only). Alternate Names: Neo-Egyptian. Dialects: Bohairic, Sahidic. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Egyptian.

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Egyptian Sign Language
[esl] Scattered. Population: 474,000 (2014 IMB). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: ESL, Egypt Sign Language, LIM, Lughat al-Ishaara al-Masriya, Lughat al-‘Ishāra al-Maṣriyya. Dialects: None known. Survey needed. Not the same as Unified Arabic Sign Language, an artificial system promoted by representatives of 18 Arabic-speaking countries (Rashdan 2016). Relatively low lexical similarity with Jordanian Sign Language (LIU) [jos]. Classification: Sign language.

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French
[fra] Population: 3,080,000 in Egypt (2016), L2 users. Status: 5* (Dispersed). Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Rhaetian, Oïl, French.

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Mattokki
[xnz] Al Wadi al Jadid governorate: scattered in various cities; Aswan governorate: Lake Nasser northern tip, and near Kom Ombo, 50 km north of Aswan city. Population: 50,000 (2014), decreasing. Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Kenuz, Kenuzi, Kenzi, Kunuz, Kunuz Nubian, Kunuzi. Autonym: Mattokki. Dialects: None known. Reportedly similar to Andaandi [dgl]. Classification: Nilo-Saharan, Satellite-Core, Core, Eastern Sudanic, Northern (k languages), Nubian, Central.

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Nobiin
[fia] Aswan governorate: Kom Ombo area; shares area with Mattokki [xnz]; scattered in cities. Population: 374,000 in Egypt (2016). Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Fadicca, Fadicha, Fadija, Fedicca, Fedija, Fiadidja, Fiadidja-Mahas, Fiyadikkya, Mahas, Mahas-Fiadidja, Sukot. Dialects: Fiyadikka. Classification: Nilo-Saharan, Satellite-Core, Core, Eastern Sudanic, Northern (k languages), Nubian, Northern.

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Siwi
[siz] Matruh governorate: northwest desert, Siwa oasis; several isolated villages in Gara oasis. Population: 20,000 in Egypt (2013). Status: 6a* (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Oasis Berber, Sioua, Siwa, Zenati, ijlaan n siwaan. Dialects: None known. Not closely related to other Berber languages. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Eastern, Siwa.

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