Kingdom of Spain
46,728,000 (2013 UNSD)
Under the 1978 constitution all Spanish provinces organized themselves into 19 autonomous communities, including the northwest African cities of Ceuta and Melilla. Only those communities have the constitutional authority to designate official regional languages alongside Spanish. Spain continues to have a political association with the Canary Islands
98% (2013 World Bank)
Arabic (200,000), Chinese (20,000), Fa d’Ambu (600), Iranian Persian (25,000), Judeo-Tunisian Arabic, Kabuverdianu (10,000), Portuguese, Tarifit, Vlax Romani (1,000)
Agard 1984, Campbell and King 2011, Comrie 1987, Stephens 1976
The number of individual languages listed for Spain is 15. All are living languages. Of these, 14 are indigenous and 1 is non-indigenous. Furthermore, 4 are institutional, 4 are developing, 2 are vigorous, 4 are in trouble, and 1 is dying.
See full country report.