Georgia

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Abkhaz
[abk] Abkhazia region: Black Sea coast, separate areas near Gudaut’a and Och’amch’re. 129,000 (2015 J. Leclerc). Total users in all countries: 190,740. Status: 2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in Abkhazia, co-official with Georgian (1995, Constitution, Article 8). Alternate Names: Abxazo. Autonym: аҧсуа бызшәа‎ (Aṗsua byzšwa), аҧсшәа‎ (Aṗsšwa). Dialects: Bzyb, Abzhui, Samurzakan. Closely related to Abaza [abq]. Classification: North Caucasian, West Caucasian, Abkhaz-Abazin. Comments: Christian, Muslim.

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Armenian
[hye] Samtskhe-Javakheti region. 315,000 (2014). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Haieren, Somkhuri. Classification: Indo-European, Armenian.

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Assyrian Neo-Aramaic
[aii] Transcaucasia area: scattered. 3,400 (2015 J. Leclerc). Ethnic population: 14,000. Status: 7 (Shifting). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, Aramaic, Eastern, Central, Northeastern. Comments: Non-indigenous. ‘Aisor’ is the Russian name for the people. Christian.

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Avar
[ava] Kakheti region: Qvareli district, Tivi village. 2,000 (2015 J. Leclerc). Status: 6b (Threatened). Dialects: Antsukh. Classification: North Caucasian, East Caucasian, Avar-Andic, Avar.

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Azerbaijani, North
[azj] Kakheti, Kvemo Kartli, and Samtskhe-Javakheti regions. 270,000 (2014). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Turkic, Southern, Azerbaijani.

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Bats
[bbl] Kakheti region: Talavei district, Zemo-Alvani (Upper Alvani). 3,200 (2015 J. Leclerc). Active users may be far fewer than 3,000 (Salminen 2007). Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Bac, Batsaw, Batsba, Batsbi, Batsbiitsy, Batsi, Tsova-Tush, Tush. Classification: North Caucasian, East Caucasian, Nakh, Batsi. Comments: Traditional territory and way of life. Christian.

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Bezhta
[kap] Kakheti region: Qvareli district, Chatliskure and Saruso villages. 700 (2015 J. Leclerc). Ethnic population: 1,000 (2014 NCRP). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Bezht’alas mits. Classification: North Caucasian, East Caucasian, Tsezic, East Tsezic.

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Bohtan Neo-Aramaic
[bhn] Kvemo Kartli region: mainly Garbadani village. 900 (2015 J. Leclerc). Status: 7 (Shifting). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, Aramaic, Eastern, Central, Northeastern. Comments: Christian.

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Dido
[ddo] Kakheti region: Qvareli district, Ibtsokhi village. Status: 6b (Threatened). Classification: North Caucasian, East Caucasian, Tsezic, West Tsezic.

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Georgian
[kat] 3,200,000 (2014). Ethnic population: 3,980,000 (1993 UBS). Total users in all countries: 3,669,500. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1995, Constitution, Article 8). Alternate Names: Common Kartvelian. Autonym: ქართული‎ (Kartuli), ქართული ენა‎ (Kartuli ena). Dialects: Imeretian, Racha-Lexchxum (Lechkhum), Adzhar (Acharian), Imerxev Kartlian, Kaxetian (Kakhetian), Ingilo, Tush, Xevsur (Kheysur), Moxev (Mokhev), Pshav, Mtiul, Ferejdan, Meskhur-Javakhuri. Imerxev is in Turkey, Ferejdan may no longer be spoken in Iran. Classification: Kartvelian, Georgian. Comments: Adzhai Muslims are in Armenia. South Caucasian also called Kartvelian; Gruzinski is the Russian name. Christian, Muslim.

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Hunzib
[huz] Kakheti region: Lagodekhi municipality, Tkhilistsqaro, Qvareli district, Chatliskure village. 410 (Koryakov 2006). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Hontl’os myts. Classification: North Caucasian, East Caucasian, Tsezic, East Tsezic.

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Judeo-Georgian
[jge] Kvemo Kartli and Samtskhe-Javakheti regions; T’bilisi. 2,800 (2015 J. Leclerc). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Classification: Kartvelian, Georgian. Comments: Non-indigenous. Oriental and Ashkenazic Jews in Georgia live separately. Judeo-Georgians live separately from non-Jewish Georgians. Jewish.

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Kurdish, Northern
[kmr] Kvemo Kartli and Mtskheta-Mtianeti regions; T’bilisi area. 20,600 (2015 J. Leclerc). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Kurdî, Kurmancî, Kurmanji. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Northwestern, Kurdish. Comments: Non-indigenous. Yezidi.

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Laz
[lzz] Adjara region: a few villages. 1,000 (Salminen 2007). Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Chan, Chanuri, Chanzan, Laze, Lazuri, Zan. Dialects: Xopa (Hopa), Chxala (Ckhala), Vice-Arxava (Vital-Arkhava), Atina, Samurzakan-Zugdidi, Senaki. Classification: Kartvelian, Zan. Comments: Muslim.

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Mingrelian
[xmf] Abkhazia region: Ochamchira and Gali municipalities; Guria region: Lanchkhuti municipality; Imereti region: Samtredia and Tsqaltubo municipalities; Racha-Lochkhumi-Kvemo Svaneti region: Tsageri municipality; Samegrelo-Zemo Svateni region: southern half; all in west lowlands. 344,000 (2015 J. Leclerc). Total users in all countries: 345,530. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Margali, Margaluri, Megrel, Megrelian, Megruli. Dialects: None known. Officially considered a single language with Laz [lzz] called Zan, but linguists recognize they are not inherently mutually intelligible. Classification: Kartvelian, Zan. Comments: Christian.

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Ossetic
[oss] Imereti region: Sachkhere municipality; Kvemo Kartli region: small border areas near T’bilisi; Mtskheta-Mtianeti region: Akhalagori and Mtskheta municipalities; Racha-Lochkhumi-Kvemo Svaneti region: Oni municipality; Shida Kartli region: Gori and Tskhinvali municipalities. 39,000 (2015 J. Leclerc). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Osetin, Ossete, Ossetian. Dialects: Digor (Digorian, Digoron, Dogor), Iron, Kudar (South Osetin). Digor and Iron (the major dialect) are mutually unintelligible; may be separate languages. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Eastern, Northeastern. Comments: Christian.

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Russian
[rus] 2,735,000 in Georgia, all users. L1 users: 405,000 (2014). L2 users: 2,330,000 (Arefyev 2012). Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, East.

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Svan
[sva] Racha-Lochkhumi-Kvemo Svaneti region: Lentekhi municipality; Samegrelo-Zemo Svateni region: Mestiya municipality. 14,000 (2015 J. Leclerc). Ethnic population: 15,000 (2000 A. Kibrik). Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Svanuri. Autonym: Lushnu. Dialects: Upper Bal, Lower Bal, Lashx, Lentex. Classification: Kartvelian, Svan. Comments: Many Georgian [kat] speakers still claim Svan ethnicity (Salminen 2007). Christian.

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Urum
[uum] Shida Kartli region: Gori area. 90,000 (2015 J. Leclerc). Total users in all countries: 185,000. Status: 6b (Threatened). Dialects: A number of inherently intelligible dialects. Classification: Turkic. Comments: Ethnic Greek speakers.

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