French Guiana

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Arawak
[arw] Northeast and Cayenne area, Balaté, Larivot, Saint-Sabat, and Sainte-Rose de Lima communities. Population: 380 in French Guiana (Crevels 2012). Ethnic population: 1,500 (Crevels 2012). Status: 8a (Moribund). Alternate Names: Lokono. Classification: Maipurean, Northern, Maritime, Ta-Maipurean.

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Aukan
[djk] Cayenne islands, Iracoubo, Kourou, Macuria, Mana, St. Laurent Sinnemarie. Suriname border. Population: 18,000 in French Guiana (2011 SIL), increasing. 6,000 monolinguals. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Businenge Tongo, Businengee Tongo, Eastern Maroon Creole, Ndyuka, Nenge, Nenge Tongo, Nengee, Nengee Tongo, “Taki-Taki” (pej.). Dialects: Aluku, Pamaka. Classification: Creole, English based, Atlantic, Suriname, Ndyuka.

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Carib
[car] Northwest coast, along lower Mana and Maroni rivers east of Maroni river mouth, Iracoubo and Organabo areas between Kourou and Mana. Population: 2,400 in French Guiana (Crevels 2012). No monolinguals. Ethnic population: 4,000 (Crevels 2012). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Caribe, Cariña, Galibi, Kalihna, Kalin’a, Kalinya, Kari’na, Kari’na auran, Kari’ña. Dialects: Tyrewuju (Eastern Carib). Classification: Cariban.

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Chinese, Hakka
[hak] Cayenne, Kourou, Macouria, Matoury, and Remire-Montjoly communes, especially in urban concentrations. Central coast. Population: 13,800 in French Guiana (2016). Status: 5* (Developing). Classification: Sino-Tibetan, Chinese.

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Emerillon
[eme] Brazil border area, at the confluence of Camopi and Oiapock rivers; Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni district: Maroni river area, on Suriname border. Population: 400 (Crevels 2012), increasing. Ethnic population: 400 (Crevels 2012). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Emereñon, Emerilon, Melejo, Mereo, Mereyo, Teco, Teko. Dialects: None known. Mutually intelligible with Wayampi [oym]. Classification: Tupian, Tupí-Guaraní, Wayampí, Wayampí.

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French
[fra] Widespread. Population: 231,000 in French Guiana, all users. L1 users: 88,000 in French Guiana (2010). L2 users: 143,000 (2010). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1958, French Constitution, Article 2). Alternate Names: Français. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Rhaetian, Oïl, French.

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French Sign Language
[fsl] Scattered. Population: Status: 6a* (Vigorous). Classification: Sign language.

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Guianese Creole French
[gcr] Widespread. Population: 50,000 (1977 SIL). Status: 6a* (Vigorous). Alternate Names: French Guianese Creole French, Guyanais, Guyane, Guyane Creole, Patois, Patwa. Dialects: None known. All French creoles of the Caribbean are somewhat mutually inherently intelligible (Goodman 1964). Intelligibility of Saint Lucia Creole [acf] is 78%, of Karipuna Creole [kmv] (Brazil) is 77%. Classification: Creole, French based.

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Javanese, Suriname
[jvn] Awala-Yalimapo commune. Coastal area. Population: Status: 5* (Developing). Alternate Names: Caribbean Javanese. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Javanese.

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Palikúr
[plu] Central coast and lower Oyapock river. Population: 250 in French Guiana (Queixalos 2000). No monolinguals. Ethnic population: 1,500 (Crevels 2012). Status: 8a (Moribund). Alternate Names: Pa’ikwaki, Palicur, Palikour. Classification: Maipurean, Northern, Eastern, Palikur.

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Saramaccan
[srm] Widespread. Population: 3,000 in French Guiana (1994), decreasing. Status: 5* (Developing). Classification: Creole, English based.

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Wayampi
[oym] Upper Oyapock river in 2 settlements, one near Camopi, the other south along Oyapock headwaters. Population: 750 in French Guiana (Crevels 2012), increasing. Ethnic population: 750 (Crevels 2012). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Oiampí, Oiumpian, Oyampí, Oyapí, Wajapi, Wayapi, Wayãpi. Dialects: Oiyapoque, Wajapuku. Classification: Tupian, Tupí-Guaraní, Wayampí, Wayampí.

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Wayana
[way] Southwestern border area, along upper Maroni river. Population: 1,000 in French Guiana (Crevels 2012). Ethnic population: 1,000 (Crevels 2012). Status: 6a* (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Alukuyana, Guayana, Oayana, Uaiana, Upurui. Classification: Cariban, Central, Wayana.

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