Guinea

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Badyara
[pbp] Boké region: Koundara prefecture. 6,300 (1998 NTM). Total users in all countries: 13,510. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Badara, Badian, Badjara, Badyaranke, Bigola, Gola, Pajade, Pajadinka. Dialects: None known. Lexical similarity: 52% with Biafada [bif], the most similar language. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Atlantic, Northern, Eastern Senegal-Guinea, Tenda. Comments: Maintain cultural autonomy. Muslim.

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Baga Kaloum
[bqf] Boké region. No known L1 speakers. Status: 10 (Extinct). Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Atlantic, Southern, Mel, Temne, Baga.

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Baga Koga
[bgo] Kindia region: between Pongo and Konkouré rivers, to Île de Kito. Ethnic population: 5,000. Status: 8b (Nearly extinct). Alternate Names: Baka, Koba, Koga. Dialects: None known. Reportedly similar to Landoma [ldm] and Themne [tem]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Atlantic, Southern, Mel, Temne, Baga. Comments: Muslim, traditional religion.

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Baga Manduri
[bmd] Boké region: Kanfarandé and Sansale subprefectures, 39 villages on delta islands between Nunez river and Komponi river. 4,000 (2011 NTM). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Baga Mandori, Baga Mandouri, Baka, Barka, Madouri, Maduri, Mandari, Mandore, Mandori, Mandouri, Manduri. Dialects: None known. Reportedly very similar to Landoma [ldm] and Baga Sitemu [bsp]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Atlantic, Southern, Mel, Temne, Baga. Comments: Muslim, traditional religion.

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Baga Pokur
[bcg] Boké region: Boké prefecture, coast east of Nunez river; Binari and Mboteni villages on Boteni island. 3,700 (2015 NTM). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Baga, Baga Binari, Baga Mboteni, Baga Poukour, Baga de Binari, Baka, Barka, Binari, Binari-Kouffin, Bohere, Era, Kaloum, Kalum, Mborin, Mboténi, Poukour, Pukur. Dialects: None known. Reportedly similar to Landoma [ldm] and Themne [tem]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Atlantic, Southern, Mel, Temne, Baga. Comments: Muslim, traditional religion.

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Baga Sitemu
[bsp] Boké region: Boffa prefecture, Tougnifil subprefecture; Boké prefecture, Port-Kamsar subprefecture, Nunez river south bank. 4,000. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Baka, Rio Pongo Baga, Sitemuú, Stem Baga, Tchitem. Dialects: None known. Reportedly very similar to Landoma [ldm] and Baga Manduri [bmd]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Atlantic, Southern, Mel, Temne, Baga. Comments: Muslim, traditional religion.

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Baga Sobané
[bsv] Boké region: Boffa prefecture, between Kapatchez and Pongo rivers. No known L1 speakers. Status: 10 (Extinct). Alternate Names: Baga Kakissa, Baka, Sobané. Dialects: None known. Reportedly similar to Landoma [ldm] and Themne [tem]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Atlantic, Southern, Mel, Temne, Baga.

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Bassari
[bsc] Boké region: Gaoual prefecture; Labe region: Mali prefecture; border area northwest of Touba town, some northeast corner. 8,600 (Vanderaa 1991). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Ayan, Basari, Biyan, Oneyan, Onian, Oniyan, Tenda Basari, Wo. Dialects: Southern Bassari. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Atlantic, Northern, Eastern Senegal-Guinea, Tenda. Comments: Matrilineal. Traditional religion, Muslim.

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Bullom So
[buy] Kindia region: a few speakers in Forecariah prefecture near Sierra Leone border. Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Bolom, Bulem, Bullin, Bullun, Mandenyi, Mandingi, Mani, Mmani, Northern Bullom. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Atlantic, Southern, Mel, Bullom-Kissi, Bullom, Northern. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Dan
[dnj] Nzérékoré region: Lola prefecture, Kogota village on Côte d’Ivoire border. 800 (2001 G. Pruett). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Da, Gio, Gio-Dan, Gyo, Yacouba, Yakuba. Classification: Niger-Congo, Mande, Eastern, Southeastern, Guro-Tura, Tura-Dan-Mano, Tura-Dan. Comments: Traditional religion, Christian.

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French
[fra] 2,770,000 in Guinea (2014), L2 users. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (2010, Constitution, Article 1). Alternate Names: Français. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Rhaetian, Oïl, French. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Guinean Sign Language
[gus] Conakry region. 530 (2008 WFD). 528 deaf signers (2008 WFD). 27,000 total deaf in Guinea (2014 IMB). Status: 5 (Developing). Classification: Sign language. Comments: Heavily influenced by, or based on, ASL [ase], with some influence from French Sign Language [fsl].

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Jahanka
[jad] Boké region: central Gaoual prefecture, more than 60 villages on Tamine river upper reaches between Boké and Sangea towns. 29,000 (1999 G. Gumbs). Total users in all countries: 29,500. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Diakhanke, Diakkanke, Dyakanke, Jahanque, Jahonque, Jaxanka. Dialects: Jahanka in Gambia may be same language, or a dialect of Western Maninkakan [mlq]. Jahanka in Senegal and Guinea-Bissau is a dialect of Western Maninkakan [mlq]. Lexical similarity: 75% with Mandinka [mnk]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Mande, Western, Central-Southwestern, Central, Manding-Jogo, Manding-Vai, Manding-Mokole, Manding. Comments: Reportedly came from Mali in 18th century and trace their origins to Soninke [snk], but now speak a separate language. Muslim.

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Kakabe
[kke] Faranah region: Dabola prefecture, west and southwest of Faboula and Koumboulou towns; Mamou region: Sokotoro, Wure Kaba, and 33 other villages. 10,000 (2012 V. Vydrin). Ethnic population: 50,000 (2012 V. Vydrin). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Fulajon Kan, Fulajonkan, Jon Kule, Ourekabakan. Dialects: Kankalabe Kakabe, Kuru-Maninka, Sokotoro Kakabe, Wure-Maninka. Reportedly similar to Mogofin [mfg], but 250 km apart. Lexically similarity: 50% with Eastern Maninkakan [emk], 58% with Mogofin [mfg] (2002 D. Rainwater). Classification: Niger-Congo, Mande, Western, Central-Southwestern, Central, Manding-Jogo, Manding-Vai, Manding-Mokole, Mokole. Comments: Ethnically separate from Eastern Maninkakan [emk]. Muslim.

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Kissi, Northern
[kqs] Faranah region: Kissidougou prefecture; Nzérékoré region: Gueckedou and western Macenta prefectures. 287,000 (Vanderaa 1991). Total users in all countries: 339,700. Status: 4 (Educational). De facto language of national identity. Alternate Names: Gizi, Kisi, Kisie, Kissien. Dialects: Liaro, Kama, Teng, Tung. Reportedly similar to Sherbro [bun]. Southern Kissi [kss] of Liberia and Sierra Leone is different. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Atlantic, Southern, Mel, Bullom-Kissi, Kissi. Comments: Many loanwords from Western Maninkakan [mlq]. Traditional religion.

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Kla-Dan
[lda] Nzérékoré region: Fakolidou, Farakouroudougou, Gbogboda, and Goh villages near Côte d’Ivoire border. About 30 villages between Beyla and Sinko. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Kla. Classification: Niger-Congo, Mande, Eastern, Southeastern, Guro-Tura, Tura-Dan-Mano, Tura-Dan.

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Kono
[knu] Nzérékoré region: Lola prefecture, east of Morissimandougou to Cote d’Ivoire border. 90,000 (2001). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Dialects: Klo, Guu, Lora, Mohuru Ta, Zokota, Vee Po, Nanaa. Lexical similarity: 52%–67% with Kpelle [gkp]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Mande, Western, Central-Southwestern, Southwestern, Kpelle. Comments: Different from Kono [kno] of Sierra Leone.

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Kpelle, Guinea
[gkp] Nzérékoré region: between Dondano and Nzebola towns. 460,000 (2012 V. Vydrin). Status: 5 (Developing). De facto language of national identity. Alternate Names: Akpese, Gbese, Gerse, Gerze, Guerze, Kpele, Kpelese, Kpelesetina, Kperese, Kpese, Kpwessi, Northern Kpele, Pessa, Pessy. Dialects: Central Kpelle, Gbali, Heghe. Different enough from Kpelle [xpe] of Liberia to need separate materials. Lexical similarity: 52%–67% with Kono [knu]. A member of macrolanguage Kpelle [kpe]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Mande, Western, Central-Southwestern, Southwestern, Kpelle. Comments: ’Guerze’ is the French name. Traditional religion, Christian, Muslim.

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Kuranko
[knk] Faranah region: south Faranah and southeast Kissidougou prefectures; Kerouane prefecture, south Kouroussa; Kankan region: southwest. 55,200 (1991). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Koranko. Dialects: Faranah, Fineriya, Sankaran. Classification: Niger-Congo, Mande, Western, Central-Southwestern, Central, Manding-Jogo, Manding-Vai, Manding-Mokole, Mokole. Comments: Ethnically distinct from Eastern Maninkakan [emk]. Traditional religion, Muslim.

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Landoma
[ldm] Boké region: between Guinea Bissau border and Kogon river, and Boke-Centre subprefecture southeast; Kindia region: north border Boffa and Telimele prefectures; Gaoual prefecture, 2 enclaves near Kambala and Koumbia. 14,400 (Vanderaa 1991). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Cocoli, Landouman, Landuma, Tiapi, Tyapi, Tyopi. Dialects: Tiapi (Tapessi). Reportedly very similar to Baga Sitemu [bsp] and Baga Manduri [bmd]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Atlantic, Southern, Mel, Temne, Baga. Comments: Traditional religion, Muslim.

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Lele
[llc] Faranah and Nzérékoré regions: main centers are Kassadou, Tangalto, and Yombiro. 23,000 (1998 B. Willits). 12,000 in Kissidougou Prefecture and 11,000 in Guekedou. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Dialects: Yombiro Lele (North Lele), Tangalto Lele (East Lele), Kassadou Lele (South Lele), Kounte Lele (Central Lele). Kassadou cannot understand Tangalto. Lexical similarity: 55% with Eastern Maninkakan [emk] and Mogofin [mfg], 73% with Kuranko [knk] of Sierra Leone, 62% with Kuranko of Guinea. Classification: Niger-Congo, Mande, Western, Central-Southwestern, Central, Manding-Jogo, Manding-Vai, Manding-Mokole, Mokole. Comments: Muslim.

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Limba, East
[lma] Mamou region: Mamou prefecture, Oure-Kaba subprefecture, on Sierra Leone border. 4,000 (Johnstone 1993). 2,000 speakers of the Ke subdialect of Northern Limba (1991 J. Kaiser). Total users in all countries: 4,600. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Yimba, Yumba. Dialects: Northern Limba (Ke-Woya-Yaka, Warawara). Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Atlantic, Southern, Limba. Comments: Quite different from West-Central Limba [lia] of Sierra Leone. Traditional religion, Muslim.

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Mandingo
[man] A macrolanguage. A macrolanguage. Population total all languages: 7,293,000 Status: Comments: Includes: Eastern Maninkakan [emk], Kita Maninkakan [mwk] (Mali), Konyanka Maninka [mku], Mandinka [mnk] (Senegal), Sankaran Maninka [msc], Western Maninkakan [mlq] (Senegal).

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Maninka, Konyanka
[mku] Kankan and Nzérékoré regions: national reserve; Beyle, Kankan, Kerouane, Lola, and Macenta prefectures; Balanfe, Boukorodou, Diatela, Dyibarou, Kabadian Mallerou, and Ouanino villages along Beyla-Sinko road and north of Sinko (Gbasando dialect); Lola (Karagba dialect); Sokourala (Woroduu dialect). 210,000 (2012 V. Vydrin). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Konya, Konyakakan, Konyanka. Dialects: Konya, Gbeeka, Gbasando, Woroduu, Karagba. Gbasando speakers are believed to be Fulbe by origin. Woroduu is different from Worodougou [jud] in Côte d’Ivoire, reportedly similar to Wojenaka [jod]. Lexical similarity: 72% with Eastern Maninkakan [emk]. A member of macrolanguage Mandingo [man]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Mande, Western, Central-Southwestern, Central, Manding-Jogo, Manding-Vai, Manding-Mokole, Manding, Manding-East, Southeastern Manding. Comments: Speakers of the eastern dialects often refer to themselves as Jula. Muslim.

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Maninka, Sankaran
[msc] Kankan region: east Kouroussa prefecture; Faranah region and prefecture; along Niger tributary, Serekoroba area. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Faranah, Sankarankan. Dialects: None known. Lexical similarity: 79% with Eastern Maninkakan [emk], 59% with Kuranko [knk]. A member of macrolanguage Mandingo [man]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Mande, Western, Central-Southwestern, Central, Manding-Jogo, Manding-Vai, Manding-Mokole, Manding, Manding-East, Southeastern Manding. Comments: Muslim.

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Maninkakan, Eastern
[emk] Widespread and in all urban areas. 3,000,000 (2012 V. Vydrin). 73,500 Wasulu. Total users in all countries: 3,591,000. Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto language of national identity. Alternate Names: Eastern Malinke, Kankan Maninka, Malinké, Mande, Maninga, Maninkakan, Maninkaxan, Southern Maninka. Autonym: Maninka. Dialects: Baliya, Amana (Kourousa), Gbereduu, Maninka-Mori (Mori), Wasulunkakan (Wasolon Maninka, Wassulu, Wassulunka, Wassulunke, Wasuu), Toron. Maninka of Liberia is the same as Maninka of Guinea (Eastern Maninkakan). Bambara [bam] of Mali and parts of Senegal is not vastly different. Eastern Maninkakan of Côte d’Ivoire is reportedly similar to Bambara; Western Maninkakan [mlq] of south central and southeast Senegal is considerably different. Lexical similarity: 92% with Wasulunkakan dialect, 79% with Sankaran Maninka [msc], 72% with Konyanka Maninka [mku]. A member of macrolanguage Mandingo [man]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Mande, Western, Central-Southwestern, Central, Manding-Jogo, Manding-Vai, Manding-Mokole, Manding, Manding-East, Southeastern Manding. Comments: Muslim.

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Mano
[mev] Nzérékoré region: Lola prefecture south of Lola town; Nzérékoré prefecture; Yomou prefecture, Dieke subprefecture. 85,000 (2012 V. Vydrin). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Maa, Maan, Mah, Manon, Mawe. Classification: Niger-Congo, Mande, Eastern, Southeastern, Guro-Tura, Tura-Dan-Mano, Mano. Comments: Traditional religion.

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Manya
[mzj] Faranah and Nzérékoré regions: west Beyla and southeast Kissidougou prefectures; Macenta-Centre to Liberia border; Kankan region: Keroane prefecture, Diarradou. 25,000 (1997 G. Pruett). Ethnic population: 77,000 (2006 J. Leclerc). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Mandingo, Maniya, Manya Kan. Dialects: Manya, Koinyaka. Classification: Niger-Congo, Mande, Western, Central-Southwestern, Central, Manding-Jogo, Manding-Vai, Manding-Mokole, Manding, Manding-East, Southeastern Manding. Comments: Muslim, Christian.

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Mbulungish
[mbv] Boké region: Boké prefecture, Kanfarande subprefecture, 22 coastal villages north of Nunez river. 5,000 (1998 B. Willits). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Baga Foré, Baga Monson, Black Baga, Bulunits, Longich, Monchon, Monshon. Dialects: None known. Related to Nalu [naj] and Baga Pokur [bcg]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Atlantic, Northern, Mbulungish-Nalu. Comments: Muslim, traditional religion.

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Mogofin
[mfg] Boké region: Boffa and Boké prefectures. 20,000 (2012 V. Vydrin). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Mikifore, Mixifore. Dialects: None known. Mutually intelligible of Kakabe [kke], but 250 km apart. Apparently similar to the Vai-Kono-Kuranko subgroup (1995 V. Vydrin). Lexical similarity: 51% with Eastern Maninkakan [emk], 55% with Lele [llc], 54%–58% with varieties of Kuranko [knk]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Mande, Western, Central-Southwestern, Central, Manding-Jogo, Manding-Vai, Manding-Mokole, Mokole. Comments: Muslim.

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Nalu
[naj] Boké region: Boké prefecture; Nunez river mouth area and estuary. 13,000 (Johnstone 1993). Total users in all countries: 21,520. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Nalou. Dialects: None known. Related to Mbulungish [mbv] and Baga Pokur [bcg]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Atlantic, Northern, Mbulungish-Nalu. Comments: Muslim, traditional religion.

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N’ko
[nqo] Widespread Mande language mixture. No known L1 speakers. Ethnic population: No ethnic community. Total users in all countries: none known. Status: 9 (Second language only). Classification: Mixed language. Comments: A mixture of Mande languages: Bamanankan [bam], Eastern Maninkakan [emk], Jula [dyu], and Mandinka [mnk].

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Pulaar
[fuc] Boké region: Koundara prefecture, north of Tamine river. Extreme northwest corner. 24,000 (1991). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Fulfulde Pulaar, Haalpulaar, Peul, Peulh. Dialects: Toucouleur (Futa Toro, Pulaar, Tukolor, Tukulor), Fulacunda (Fula Preto, Fulakunda, Fulkunda). Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Atlantic, Northern, Senegambian, Fula-Wolof, Fula, Western. Comments: Many Arabic loans. The official orthography is different from that used elsewhere. Muslim.

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Pular
[fuf] Widespread. 2,550,000 (Vanderaa 1991). Total users in all countries: 2,988,200. Status: 2 (Provincial). De facto language of national identity. Alternate Names: Foula Fouta, Fouta Dyalon, Fulbe, Fulfulde Jalon, Fullo Fuuta, Futa Fula, Futa Jallon, Fuuta Jalon, Jalon. Autonym: Pular. Dialects: Kebu Fula, Fula Peta. Different enough from Pulaar [fuc] in Senegal to need separate literature. In Sierra Leone, recent immigrants from Guinea speak the original Futa Jallon dialect or the Kebu dialect (Dalby 1962). A slightly modified form of Futa Jallon is known as Krio Fula with many loans from Sierra Leone languages. A member of macrolanguage Fulah [ful]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Atlantic, Northern, Senegambian, Fula-Wolof, Fula, West Central. Comments: Heavy borrowing from Arabic. Formerly, extensive literature in Pular, but little still exists. Muslim.

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Susu
[sus] Widespread in southwest. 906,000 (Johnstone and Mandryk 2001). Total users in all countries: 1,106,110. Status: 4 (Educational). De facto language of national identity. Alternate Names: Sose, Soso, Soussou, Susoo. Dialects: None known. Distinct from Yalunka [yal]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Mande, Western, Central-Southwestern, Central, Susu-Yalunka. Comments: Muslim, Christian, traditional religion.

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Toma
[tod] Faranah and Nzérékoré regions: Macenta, Kissidougou, and Gueckedou prefectures, between Macenta and Kissidougou towns. 220,000 (2012 V. Vydrin). Status: 5 (Developing). De facto language of national identity. Alternate Names: Toa, Toale, Toali, Tooma. Dialects: Yala, Koima, Weima, Vekema, Gizima, Konokoro, Lulama, Manyaka. Distinct enough from Loma [lom] of Liberia to need separate literature. Classification: Niger-Congo, Mande, Western, Central-Southwestern, Southwestern, Mende-Loma, Loma. Comments: Traditional religion, Muslim.

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Wamey
[cou] Boké region: Koundara prefecture, Youkounkoun-Koundara area, to Senegal border; small border area in Gaoual prefecture, south bank, Tamine river. 5,270 (2001 G. Pruett). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Cogniagui, Conhague, Coniagui, Koniagi, Konyagi, Tenda, Wamay, Wamei, Wey. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Atlantic, Northern, Eastern Senegal-Guinea, Tenda. Comments: Nomadic. Over 3,000 migrate from Guinea to Senegal annually; many stay longer. Traditional religion, Christian, Muslim.

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Yalunka
[yal] Faranah region: south toward Sierra Leone border, and Dinguiraye prefecture, Bafing river, Boukaria area; Labé region: northwest Mali prefecture; north Koubia and north Tougue subprefecture, Senegal-Mali border; Dinguiraye prefecture, Bafing river, Boukaria area; Boké region: Gaouala prefecture, enclave between Guinea-Bissau border and Koumbia. 55,500 (2002 SIL). Total users in all countries: 114,100. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Dialonke, Djallonke, Dyalonke, Jalonke, Jalunga, Jalungas, Yalunke. Autonym: Jalunga xuwiina’. Dialects: Sulima, Firia. Reportedly similar to Susu [sus], but only marginally intelligible. Lexical similarity: 83%–92% among dialects. Classification: Niger-Congo, Mande, Western, Central-Southwestern, Central, Susu-Yalunka. Comments: Muslim.

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Zialo
[zil] Nzérékoré region: Macenta prefecture, Zembezou and Panziazou subprefectures. 45 villages. About third of Zialo speakers live in the cities of Guinea. 25,000 (2010 V. Vydrin). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Shialu, Ziolo, Ziyolo. Dialects: Kelighigo, Bayawa, Wolo-Ziolo, Woyjawa, Lawolozu. Reportedly similar to Bandi [bza] and Toma [tod]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Mande, Western, Central-Southwestern, Southwestern, Mende-Loma. Comments: Traditional religion, Christian.

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