Equatorial Guinea

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Batanga
[bnm] Litoral province: Bapuku along central coast, south of Mbini to Cabo San Juan. Population: 8,000 in Equatorial Guinea (2017 SIL), decreasing. Very few monolinguals. Ethnic population: 9,000 (2017). Total users in all countries: 13,750. Status: 6b* (Threatened). Alternate Names: Bano’o, Banoho, Banoo, Bapuku, Noho, Nohu, Noku, Puku. Dialects: Bapuku (Bapoko, Bapuu, Naka, Puku). The Puku are an Ndowe coastal people. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Bubi-Benga (A.32).

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Benga
[bng] Litoral province: Corisco Island, Rio Muni. Population: 4,000 in Equatorial Guinea (2017 S. Smith), decreasing. 500 on Corisco Island. No monolinguals. Ethnic population: 4,500 (2017 S. Smith). Total users in all countries: 5,500. Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Boumba, Ndowe. Dialects: None known. Related to Batanga [bnm]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Bubi-Benga (A.34).

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Bube
[bvb] Bioko Norte and Bioko Sur provinces: Bioko Island, Fernando Po. Population: 51,000 (2017 S. Smith), decreasing. Few monolinguals. Ethnic population: 61,000 (2017 S. Smith). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Adeeyah, Adija, Bobe, Boobe, Boombe, Bubi, Ediya, Fernandian. Dialects: North Bobe, Southwest Bobe, Southeast Bobe. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Bubi-Benga (A.31).

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Equatorial Guinean Pidgin
[fpe] Bioko Norte and Bioko Sur provinces: north central Bioko Island, Fernando Po, Malabo area; Balueri de Cristo Rey, Basupu, Fiston, Las Palmas, Musola, and Sampaca. Population: 76,000, all users. L1 users: 6,000 (2011 S. Smith), increasing. L2 users: 70,000 (2011 S. Smith). Very few monolinguals. Ethnic population: 6,000. Status: 3 (Wider communication). Used as LWC across Bioko island, including the capital city of Malabo, in all domains except education and government. Alternate Names: Criollo, Fernandino, Fernando Po Creole English, Fernando Po Krio, Pichinglis, Pidgin de Guinea Ecuatorial, Pidginglis. Autonym: Pichi. Dialects: Pidgin, Pichi. Offshoot of Krio [kri] of Sierra Leone; intelligible with Cameroon Pidgin [wes], Nigerian Pidgin [pcm], but it has 20% of its lexical inventory as loanwords from Spanish [spa]. Classification: Creole, English based, Atlantic, Krio.

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Fa d’Ambu
[fab] Annobón province: Annobón Island, isolated from mainland by 360 km of ocean (2,000); Bioko Island, Malabo (500), a few on continental Equatorial Guinea. Population: 6,000 in Equatorial Guinea (2017 S. Smith). No monolinguals. Total users in all countries: 6,600. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Annobonense, Annobonese, Annobonés, Fa d’Ambô. Autonym: Fa d’Ambu. Dialects: Different from Equatorial Guinean Pidgin [fpe] and Crioulo [pov] of Guinea-Bissau and Kabuverdianu. Little variation between Annobonese in Annobón and Malabo. Lexical similarity: 63% with Sãotomense [cri]. 10% of the lexicon comes from Spanish [spa]. Classification: Creole, Portuguese based.

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Fang
[fan] Widespread. Centro Sur, Kié-Ntem, Litoral, Wele-Nzas provinces. Population: 624,000 in Equatorial Guinea, all users. L1 users: 589,000 in Equatorial Guinea (2013 S. Smith), increasing. L2 users: 35,000 (2013 S. Smith). Total users in all countries: 1,106,100 (as L1: 1,071,100; as L2: 35,000). Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto language of national identity. Used as LWC in continental Equatorial Guinea (the area previously known as Rio Muni). Used in church, market, business, media, and music. It became a LWC by virtue of its dominant status as mother tongue of 85% of the country’s population. Alternate Names: Pahouin, Pamue, Pangwe. Autonym: Fang. Dialects: Ntumu, Okak. Intelligible with Bulu [bum] and Ewondo [ewo] in the Beti language subgroup. More similar to Bulu [bum] than Ewondo [ewo]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Ewondo-Fang (A.75).

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French
[fra] Major cities. Population: 134,000 in Equatorial Guinea (2016), L2 users. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national working language (1998, Constitution, Article 4(1) as amended). Alternate Names: Francés, Français. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Rhaetian, Oïl, French.

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Gyele
[gyi] Centro Sur and Litoral provinces. Population: 50 in Equatorial Guinea (2017 SIL). Possibly hundreds more in isolated camps. Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Babinga, Bagiele, Bagyele, Bajele, Bajeli, Bako, Bakola, Bakuele, Bekoe, Bogyel, Bogyeli, Bondjiel, Giele, Gieli, Gyeli, Likoya. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Makaa-Njem (A.801).

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Kombe
[nui] Litoral province: Rio Muni coast. Population: 9,200 (2011 SIL). Few monolinguals. Ethnic population: 9,200. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Combe, Ndowe, Ngumbi. Dialects: One, Mari, Bweko. Closely related to Cameroonian Yasa [yko]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Bubi-Benga (A.33).

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Kwasio
[nmg] Litoral province: coastal Rio Muni, Bisio. Population: 13,000 in Equatorial Guinea (2011 SIL). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Bujeba, Mabea, Mabi, Magbea, Mgoumba, Mvumbo, Ngoumba, Ngumba. Dialects: Bisió. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Makaa-Njem (A.81).

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Molengue
[bxc] Litoral province: South tip and Rio Benito, inland. Population: 900 (2017 S. Smith), decreasing. L2 users: 0 (2017). Few monolinguals. Ethnic population: 1,000 (2017 S. Smith). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Balengue, Molendji. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Kele (B.211).

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Seki
[syi] Litoral province. Population: 11,000 in Equatorial Guinea (Johnstone and Mandryk 2001). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Kele (B.21).

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Spanish
[spa] Widespread. Population: 787,000 in Equatorial Guinea, all users. L1 users: Few L1 users. L2 users: 787,000 (2016). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (2011, Constitution, Article 4). Alternate Names: Español. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, West Iberian, Castilian.

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Yasa
[yko] Litoral province: Edjabe village. Population: 1,000 in Equatorial Guinea (2017 S. Smith), decreasing. Ethnic population: 1,100 (2017). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Bongwe, Lyassa, Maasa, Yassa. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Bubi-Benga (A.33).

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