Croatia

Print
Bosnian
[bos] 20,800 in Croatia (2001 census). Status: 5 (Developing). Dialects: Ijekavían, Ikavian. Classification: Indo-European, Slavic, South, Western Comments: Influences from Turkish [tur] and Arabic [arb].

More Information

Croatia Sign Language
[csq] Status: 6a (Vigorous). Dialects: Sometimes regarded as a dialect of Yugoslav Sign Language [ysl] (2005 A. Bickford); further research needed. Classification: Deaf sign language

More Information

Croatian
[hrv] Also in Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Canada, Chile, Czech Republic, Denmark, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Montenegro, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, United States. 3,980,000 in Croatia (2001 census). Population total all countries: 5,533,890. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1990, Constitution, Article 12.1). Alternate Names: Hrvatski Dialects: Chakavski, Kaykavski, Shtokavski (Ijekavski). Shtokavski is official dialect, but others recognized as valid, with much literature. Chakavski in western and northern Croatia, Dalmatian coast, and Adriatic Islands; Kaykavski in northeastern Croatia and Zagreb; dialects in other countries, like Burgenland Croatian in Austria, less intelligible. Classification: Indo-European, Slavic, South, Western Comments: Formerly considered part of the Serbo-Croat language. Christian.

More Information

Czech
[ces] 10,500 in Croatia (2001 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Indo-European, Slavic, West, Czech-Slovak

More Information

Hungarian
[hun] 16,600 in Croatia (2001 census). Status: 4 (Educational). Classification: Uralic

More Information

Istriot
[ist] Istrian Peninsula west coast, Rovinj (Rovigno), Bale (Valle), Galižana (Gallesano) and Vodnjan (Dignano) towns. 1,000 (2000 T. Salminen). 400 L1 plus 400 L2 speakers in Istria, plus 500 living outside Istria in 1998 (Salminen 2007). Status: 7 (Shifting). Dialects: An archaic Romance language, often confused with Istro Romanian [ruo]. Perhaps more similar to Friulian [fur] or Dalmatian than to Istro Romanian. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Italo-Dalmatian

More Information

Italian
[ita] Istria, Iatarska County. 19,600 in Croatia (2001 census). Ethnic population: 30,000 (1998). Status: 2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in Istria County (2003, Istrian Regional Statute, Article 6), per Italian bilateral treaty 1996. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Italo-Dalmatian

More Information

Romani, Sinte
[rmo] 131,000 in Croatia. Status: 5 (Developing). Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Romani, Northern

More Information

Romanian, Istro
[ruo] Northeast Istrian Peninsula, Žejane village, villages south. 560 (1994). 300 L1 speakers plus 100 L2 speakers in Istria, plus 1,000 living outside Istria in 1998. Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Istro-Romanian Dialects: Structurally distinct from Romanian [ron] (Agard 1984). Split from the other 3 Romanian languages between 500 and 1000 A.D. Different from Istriot [ist]. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Eastern

More Information

Rusyn
[rue] 2,340 in Croatia (2001 census). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Carpathian, Carpatho-Rusyn, Ruthenian Classification: Indo-European, Slavic, East

More Information

Serbian
[srp] 202,000 in Croatia (2001 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Indo-European, Slavic, South, Western Comments: Muslim.

More Information

Slovak
[slk] 4,710 in Croatia (2001 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Indo-European, Slavic, West, Czech-Slovak

More Information

Slovene
[slv] Rijeka, Zagreb, Istra. 22,800 in Croatia. Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Slovenian Classification: Indo-European, Slavic, South, Western

More Information

Ukrainian
[ukr] 1,980 in Croatia (2001 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Indo-European, Slavic, East

More Information

Venetian
[vec] Istrian Peninsula and Dalmatia. 50,000 in Croatia (1994 T. Salminen). Status: 4 (Educational). Dialects: Istrian, Tretine, Venetian Proper. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Italian

More Information