American Sign Language
[ase] Scattered. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: ASL, Haitian Sign Language, LSH, Langue des signes haïtienne. Classification: Sign language. Comments: Non-indigenous. The sign language commonly used by the Deaf community in Haiti is currently reported as a dialect of ASL, but many regard it as a separate language, as there are significant lexical and grammatical differences and challenges to mutual-intelligibility. ASL tends to be used in schools and with foreigners, which has hidden the separate existence of LSH from outsiders (Hochgesang and McAuliff 2016).
[fra] 4,370,600 in Haiti, all users. L1 users: 600 (2004). L2 users: 4,370,000 (2012). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national working language (1987, Constitution, Article 5(2)). Alternate Names: Français. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Rhaetian, Oïl, French. Comments: Non-indigenous.
[hat] Widespread. L1 users: 6,960,000 (2001). Total users in all countries: 7,712,760. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1987, Constitution, Article 5 (1,2)). Alternate Names: Creole, Haitian, Kreyol, Kreyòl ayisyen, Western Caribbean Creole. Autonym: Ayisyen, Kreyòl. Dialects: Fablas, Plateau Haitian Creole. Linguistic influences from Wolof [wol], Fon [fon], and Éwé [ewe] of West Africa. Classification: Creole, French based. Comments: In 1961 granted legal and educational status in Haiti. A growing literature, including poetry. Lower social status than standard French [fra].
Haitian Vodoun Culture Language
[hvc] L1 users: No known L1 speakers. Ethnic population: No ethnic community. Status: 9 (Second language only). Alternate Names: Langaj, Langay. Classification: Unclassified. Comments: Probably not a separate language but consists of a broad spectrum of religious words, songs, and incantations drawing on multiple African languages which are used in Voudoun ceremonies. Some of these are kept secret and used only by initiates. (2012 J. Rigdon).