Hungary

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Armenian
[hye] Budapest county. 440 (2011 census). Ethnic population: 3,290 (2011 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Haieren. Classification: Indo-European, Armenian. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Bulgarian
[bul] Budapest and Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén counties; Miskolc area. 2,900 (2011 census). Ethnic population: 3,560 (2011 census). Status: 4 (Educational). Dialects: Palityan. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, South, Eastern. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Croatian
[hrv] Bács-Kiskun, Baranya, Györ-Moson-Sopron, Pest, Somogy, Vas, and Zala counties. 13,700 (2011 census). Ethnic population: 23,600 (2011 census). Status: 4 (Educational). Recognized language (1993, Minorities Act No. LXXVII). Alternate Names: Hrvatski, Serbo-Croatian. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, South, Western. Comments: Non-indigenous. Christian.

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German, Standard
[deu] Baranya, Békés, Somogy, Tolna, Vas, Veszprém, and Zala counties. 1,828,200 in Hungary, all users. 38,200 (2011 census). 1,790,000 (European Commission 2012). Ethnic population: 132,000 (2011 census). Status: 4 (Educational). Recognized language (1993, Minorities Act No. LXXVII). Alternate Names: Deutsch, Német. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, High German, German, Middle German, East Middle German. Comments: Non-indigenous. Germans in Hungary speak varieties other than standard German at home.

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Greek
[ell] Budapest and Fejér counties. 1,870 (2011 census). Ethnic population: 3,920 (2011 census). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Görög. Classification: Indo-European, Greek, Attic. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Hungarian
[hun] Widespread. 9,840,000 (European Commission 2012). Total users in all countries: 12,596,540. Status: 1 (National). De facto national language. Autonym: Magyar. Dialects: Western Transdanubian, Central Transdanubian, Southern Transdanubian, Southern Great Plains, Palóc, Tisza–Körös, Northeastern Hungarian. Reportedly most similar to the Uralic language Vogul (Mansi [mns]) in Siberia. Speakers of standard Hungarian have difficulty understanding the Oberwart dialect spoken in Austria, and considerable difficulty understanding the Moldavian Csángó dialect spoken in Rumania. Classification: Uralic.

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Hungarian Sign Language
[hsh] Scattered. 9,000 (2014 EUD). 49,000 Deaf (2014 IMB). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Magyar Jelnyelv, Magyarországi jelnyelv. Dialects: Budapest, Sopron, Debrecen, Szeged, Eger, Kaposvár, Vác. Budapest dialect is viewed as the standard. Other dialects show significant lexical variation, some in grammar, with some reports of difficulty communicating between some dialects but no systematic assessment. Related to Austrian Sign Language [asq]. Classification: Sign language. Comments: 70 registered sign language interpreters (2014 EUD). Christian, secular.

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Polish
[pol] Budapest and Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén counties. 3,050 (2011 census). Ethnic population: 5,730 (2011 census). Status: 4 (Educational). Alternate Names: Lengyel. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, West, Lechitic. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Romani, Carpathian
[rmc] Nógrád county: Hugyag; Csongrád county: Szeged (Gurvari dialect). Few speakers. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Central Romani, Romungro. Dialects: Gurvari, Vend Romani, Veršend Romani. Gurvari has absorbed many Vlax [rmy] influences and can thus be regarded as a transitional variety. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Intermediate Divisions, Western, Romani, Northern. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Romani, Vlax
[rmy] 54,300 (2011 census). Ethnic population: 309,000 (2011 census). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Beás, Cigány, Roma. Dialects: Lovari (Hungarian Lovari), Cerhari. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Intermediate Divisions, Western, Romani, Vlax. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Romanian
[ron] Bács-Kiskun, Békés, Budapest, and Csongrád counties. 13,900 (2011 census). Ethnic population: 26,300 (2011 census). Status: 4 (Educational). Alternate Names: Daco-Romanian, Limba română, Româneşte, Rumanian. Dialects: Boyash Romanian. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Eastern. Comments: Non-indigenous. Substantial literature.

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Rusyn
[rue] Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén, Budapest, and Pest counties. 1,000 (2011 census). Ethnic population: 3,320 (2011 census). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Carpathian, Carpatho-Rusyn, Ruthenian. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, East. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Serbian
[srp] Budapest county; urban concentrations in Bács-Kiskun, Baranya, and Csongrád counties. 3,710 (2011 census). Ethnic population: 7,210 (2011 census). Status: 4 (Educational). Recognized language (1993, Minorities Act No. LXXVII). Alternate Names: Serbo-Croatian. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, South, Western. Comments: Non-indigenous. Muslim.

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Slovak
[slk] Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén and Zala counties; near Slovak-Hungary border. 9,890 (2011 census). Ethnic population: 29,600 (2011 census). Status: 4 (Educational). Recognized language (1993, Minorities Act No. LXXVII). Alternate Names: Slovenčina, Slovenský Jazyk. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, West, Czech-Slovak.

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Slovene
[slv] Zala county; near Slovenia border. 1,720 (2011 census). Ethnic population: 2,390 (2011 census). Status: 4 (Educational). Recognized language (1993, Minorities Act No. LXXVII). Alternate Names: Slovenščina, Slovenian. Dialects: Prekmurski. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, South, Western.

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Ukrainian
[ukr] Budapest and Pest counties. 3,380 (2011 census). Ethnic population: 5,630 (2011 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Ukrán. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, East. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Yiddish, Eastern
[ydd] Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, High German, Yiddish. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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