Ireland

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English
[eng] Population: 4,652,000 in Ireland, all users. L1 users: 4,370,000 in Ireland (European Commission 2012). L2 users: 282,000 (European Commission 2012). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1937, Constitution, Article 8(2)). Dialects: South Hiberno English, North Hiberno English. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, English.

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Irish
[gle] Cork, Donegal, Galway, Kerry, part of Mayo, Meath, and Waterford counties. Western isles northwest and southwest coasts. Population: 1,171,000 in Ireland, all users. L1 users: 141,000 in Ireland (European Commission 2012). L2 users: 1,030,000 (European Commission 2012). Total users in all countries: 1,200,300 (as L1: 170,300; as L2: 1,030,000). Status: 6b (Threatened). Statutory language of national identity (1937, Constitution, Article 8(1)). Alternate Names: Erse, Gaelic Irish, Irish Gaelic. Autonym: Gaeilge. Dialects: Munster-Leinster (Southern Irish), Connacht (Western Irish), Donegal (Northern Irish, Ulster). Classification: Indo-European, Celtic, Insular, Goidelic.

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Irish Sign Language
[isg] Scattered. Population: 21,000 in Ireland (2014 IMB). 5,000 Deaf and estimated 45,000 hearing L1 and L2 users (2014 DeafVillageIreland). Total users in all countries: 22,550. Status: 5 (Developing). Recognized language (2017, Irish Sign Language Act 2017), authorized for use and interpretation in courts, schools, and other public bodies. Alternate Names: Teanga Chomharthaíochta na hÉireann. Dialects: Separate schools for boys and girls resulted in strong gender-based dialectal differences, but these have diminished with time. British Sign Language (BSL) [bfi] was formally introduced to Ireland in 1816, but references to signing go back much further in Irish history. In 1846, the Catholic nuns who established St. Mary’s School for Deaf Girls went to France, so contemporary Irish Sign Language includes aspects of nineteenth-century French Sign Language [fsl] as well as BSL, with influence from signed French, signed English, and gestural systems like cued speech. (Leeson and Sneed 2012). Classification: Sign language.

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Scots
[sco] Donegal County. Population: 10,000 in Ireland (1999 B. Kay). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Ulster-Scots. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, English.

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Shelta
[sth] Major cities. Population: 27,000 in Ireland (2008 A. Redmond). Total users in all countries: 50,700. Status: 6a* (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Cant, Gammon, Irish Traveler Cant, Sheldru, The Cant. Dialects: None known. Based largely on Irish [gle] with influence from an undocumented source. Classification: Mixed language, Irish-undocumented.

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