[isl] 300,000 in Iceland (2015 S. Ager). Total users in all countries: 313,840. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (2011, Act 61(2)). Alternate Names: Íslenska. Dialects: No appreciable dialect differences (Nida 1972). Not inherently intelligible with Faroese [fao]. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, North, West Scandinavian.
Icelandic Sign Language
[icl] Reykjavik Region, mainly in the capital city; otherwise scattered. 300 (2010 The Ministry of Education, Science and Culture). 250 (2014 EUD). 1,400 (2014 IMB). Status: 6b (Threatened). Recognized language (2011, Act. No. 61). Alternate Names: Íslenskt Táknmál, ITM. Dialects: None known. Significant mutual intelligibility between Icelandic Sign Language and Danish Sign Language [dsl] (2014 R. Sverrisdóttir). Based on Danish Sign Language [dsl]. Until 1910, deaf children were sent to school in Denmark; but the languages have diverged since then (Aldersson and McEntee-Atalianis 2007). Lexical similarity: 66% with Danish Sign Language [dsl] (Aldersson and McEntee-Atalianis 2007). Fingerspelling system similar to French Sign Language [fsl]. Classification: Sign language. Comments: 27 sign language interpreters (2014 EUD). Committee on national sign language. Research institute. Signed interpretation provided for college students. Instruction for parents of deaf children. The Communication Centre for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing provides interpreter services, ÍTM courses and consultation for families of deaf children. Interpreter training, ÍTM grammar and Deaf studies are taught at the University of Iceland. Christian.