Iceland

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Icelandic
[isl] Widespread. Population: 300,000 in Iceland (2015 S. Ager). Total users in all countries: 321,770. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (2011, Act 61(2)). Autonym: Íslenska. Dialects: No appreciable dialect differences (Nida 1972). Not inherently intelligible with Faroese [fao]. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, North, West Scandinavian.

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Icelandic Sign Language
[icl] Reykjavik region: mainly in the capital city; otherwise scattered. Population: 300 (2010 The Ministry of Education, Science and Culture). 250 (2014 EUD). 1,400 (2014 IMB). Status: 6b (Threatened). Recognized language (2011, Act. No. 61). Alternate Names: ITM, Íslenskt Táknmál. Dialects: None known. Significant mutual intelligibility between Icelandic Sign Language and Danish Sign Language [dsl] (2014 R. Sverrisdóttir). Based on Danish Sign Language [dsl]. Until 1910, deaf children were sent to school in Denmark; but the languages have diverged since then (Aldersson and McEntee-Atalianis 2007). Lexical similarity: 66% with Danish Sign Language [dsl] (Aldersson and McEntee-Atalianis 2007). Fingerspelling system similar to French Sign Language [fsl]. Classification: Sign language.

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