Jordan

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Adyghe
[ady] 78,000 (2013). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Adygey, West Circassian. Classification: North Caucasian, West Caucasian, Circassian. Comments: Non-indigenous. City dwellers. Muslim.

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Arabic, Levantine Bedawi Spoken
[avl] Widespread but especially east. 718,000 (2013). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Dialects: South Levantine Bedawi Arabic, North Levantine Bedawi Arabic, Eastern Egyptian Bedawi Arabic. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Comments: The language of Jordan before Palestinian refugees arrived. Remains the language of the army. Muslim, Christian.

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Arabic, Najdi Spoken
[ars] Al ‘Aqabah, Al Mafraq, and southeast Ma‘an governorates; scattered settlements far eastern Jordan. 65,300 (2013). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Najdi. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic.

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Arabic, South Levantine Spoken
[ajp] 3,590,000 (2013). Total users in all countries: 8,445,000. Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language. Alternate Names: Levantine Arabic, Palestinian-Jordanian, South Levantine Arabic. Dialects: Madani, Fellahi. Village to village difference of which speakers are aware. Newly emerging urban standard dialect based on Amman. A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Comments: Muslim, Christian.

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Arabic, Standard
[arb] Widespread. 5,770,000 in Jordan (2015 SIL), all users. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1952, Constitution, Article 2). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Armenian
[hye] 6,500 (2013). Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Haieren. Dialects: Western Armenian. Classification: Indo-European, Armenian. Comments: Non-indigenous. Christian.

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Chechen
[che] Al Mafraq and Az-Zarqa’ governorates; scattered communities north of Amman. 3,200 (2013). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Nokhchi. Classification: North Caucasian, East Caucasian, Nakh, Chechen-Ingush. Comments: Non-indigenous. Muslim.

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Domari
[rmt] Amman and Iraqi-Jordan border area. Ethnic population: 4,910 (2000). Status: 8a (Moribund). Alternate Names: Barake, Dom, Gypsy, Kurbat, Middle Eastern Romani, Nawar, Tsigene. Dialects: Nawar (Nawari), Kurbat (Ghorbati), Barake. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Intermediate Divisions, Western, Dom. Comments: Non-indigenous. Arabic influence. Muslim.

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Jordanian Sign Language
[jos] Scattered. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: LIU, Lughat il-Ishaarah il-Urduniyyah. Dialects: None known. LIU signers understand Egyptian Sign Language (LIM) [esl] to some extent, despite lexical differences. Not the same as Unified Arabic Sign Language, an artificial system promoted by representatives of 18 Arabic-speaking countries (Rashdan 2016). Relatively low lexical similarity with Egyptian Sign Language (LIM) [esl] (Hendriks 2008). Classification: Sign language.

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Kabardian
[kbd] Amman, Jarash, and Az-Zarqa’ governorates; Russeifa and Sweileh urban areas near the capital. 56,000 (2005 Circassian Association). Status: 6b (Threatened). Classification: North Caucasian, West Caucasian, Circassian. Comments: Non-indigenous. Muslim.

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