Kyrgyzstan

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Dungan
[dng] Bishkek city; Chuy region: 2 small nearby border areas; Osh region; Ysyk-Kol region: Karakol area. Population: 56,300 in Kyrgyzstan (2009 census). Ethnic population: 58,100 (2009 census). Total users in all countries: 108,400. Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Dzhunyan, Huizu, Kwuizwu, Tungan, Zwn’jan. Dialects: Ganzu (Gansu), Shaanxi (Shensi), Yage. Shaanxi and Ganzu varieties have difficult mutual inherent intelligibility. Debate over whether Dungan has 3 tones (a merging of 2 standard Mandarin tones) or 4 tones (with only a partial merging of the 2 standard Mandarin tones). Different from Mandarin [cmn] in phonology and lexicon. Classification: Sino-Tibetan, Chinese.

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German, Standard
[deu] Scattered. Population: 2,700 in Kyrgyzstan (2009 census). Ethnic population: 9,500 (2009 census). Status: 5* (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Deutsch, Nemetskiy. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, High German, German, Middle German, East Middle German.

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Kyrgyz
[kir] Widespread. Population: 4,170,000 in Kyrgyzstan (2014). Ethnic population: 3,800,000 (2009 census). Total users in all countries: 4,908,350. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (2010, Constitution, Art 5 (1)). Alternate Names: Kara-Kirgiz, Kirghiz, Kirgiz. Autonym: кыргыз тили‎ (Kyrgyz tili), кыргызча‎ (Kyrgyzcha). Dialects: Northern Kyrgyz, Southern Kyrgyz. Classification: Turkic, Western, Aralo-Caspian.

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Russian
[rus] Ysyk-Kol region: Lake Ysyk Kol area; widespread. Population: 2,825,000 in Kyrgyzstan, all users. L1 users: 525,000 in Kyrgyzstan (2014). L2 users: 2,300,000 (Arefyev 2012). Ethnic population: 420,000 (2009 census). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (2010, Constitution, Article 10(2)). Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, East.

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Tajik
[tgk] Scattered, mostly south. Population: 42,300 in Kyrgyzstan (2009 census). Ethnic population: 46,100 (2009 census). Status: 5* (Dispersed). Recognized language (2010, Constitution, Article 10(3)). Alternate Names: Tajiki. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Southwestern, Persian.

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Uzbek, Northern
[uzn] Scattered, mostly south. Population: 840,000 in Kyrgyzstan (2014). Ethnic population: 768,000 (2009 census). Status: 5* (Dispersed). Recognized language (1997, Constitution, Article 10(3)). Alternate Names: oʻzbek, oʻzbek tili, oʻzbekcha. Classification: Turkic, Eastern.

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