Kyrgyzstan

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Dungan
[dng] Gansu mainly in Prschewalsk and Osh; Shaanxi in Kazakhstan, and Fergana, Uzbekistan. 56,300 in Kyrgyzstan (2009 census). Population total all countries: 110,100. Ethnic population: 58,100 (2009 census). Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Dzhunyan, Kwuizwu, Tungan, Zwn’jan Dialects: Ganzu (Gansu), Shaanxi (Shensi), Yage. Shaanxi and Ganzu varieties have difficult mutual inherent intelligibility. Debate over whether Dungan has 3 tones (a merging of 2 standard Mandarin tones) or 4 tones (with only a partial merging of the 2 standard Mandarin tones). Different from Mandarin [cmn] in phonology and lexicon. Classification: Sino-Tibetan, Chinese Comments: Came from China over 100 years ago. Muslim (Sunni).

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Kyrgyz
[kir] Widespread. 3,830,000 in Kyrgyzstan (2009 census). Population total all countries: 4,331,020. Ethnic population: 3,800,000 (2009 census). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (2010, Constitution, Art 10(1)). Alternate Names: Kara-Kirgiz, Kirghiz, Kirgiz Dialects: Northern Kyrgyz, Southern Kyrgyz. Classification: Turkic, Western, Aralo-Caspian Comments: The names Eastern Kyrghyz and Western Kyrghyz have been erroneously applied to Kazakh. Increasing education. Muslim (Sunni), Buddhist (Lamaist).

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Russian
[rus] 482,000 in Kyrgyzstan (2009 census). Ethnic population: 420,000 (2009 census). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (2010, Constitution, Article 10(2)). Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, East Comments: Christian.

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Tajiki
[tgk] 42,300 in Kyrgyzstan (2009 census). Ethnic population: 46,100 (2009 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Recognized language (2010, Constitution, Article 10(3)). Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Southwestern, Persian

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Uzbek, Northern
[uzn] 773,000 in Kyrgyzstan (2009 census). Ethnic population: 768,000 (2009 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Recognized language (1997, Constitution, Article 10(3)). Classification: Turkic, Eastern

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