[dng] Gansu mainly in Prschewalsk and Osh; Shaanxi in Kazakhstan, and Fergana, Uzbekistan. 56,300 in Kyrgyzstan (2009 census). Population total all countries: 110,100. Ethnic population: 58,100 (2009 census). Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Dzhunyan, Kwuizwu, Tungan, Zwn’jan Dialects: Ganzu (Gansu), Shaanxi (Shensi), Yage. Shaanxi and Ganzu varieties have difficult mutual inherent intelligibility. Debate over whether Dungan has 3 tones (a merging of 2 standard Mandarin tones) or 4 tones (with only a partial merging of the 2 standard Mandarin tones). Different from Mandarin [cmn] in phonology and lexicon. Classification: Sino-Tibetan, Chinese Comments: Came from China over 100 years ago. Muslim (Sunni).
[kir] Widespread. 3,830,000 in Kyrgyzstan (2009 census). Population total all countries: 4,331,020. Ethnic population: 3,800,000 (2009 census). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (2010, Constitution, Art 10(1)). Alternate Names: Kara-Kirgiz, Kirghiz, Kirgiz Dialects: Northern Kyrgyz, Southern Kyrgyz. Classification: Turkic, Western, Aralo-Caspian Comments: The names Eastern Kyrghyz and Western Kyrghyz have been erroneously applied to Kazakh. Increasing education. Muslim (Sunni), Buddhist (Lamaist).