Lithuania

Print
Belarusan
[bel] East and southeast. 63,000 in Lithuania. Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, East

More Information

Karaim
[kdr] Trakai and a few other places. 50 in Lithuania (Salminen 2007). Population total all countries: 56. Ethnic population: 270. Status: 8b (Nearly extinct). Alternate Names: Turkic Karaite Dialects: Trakay (Trakai). Reportedly similar to Karachay [krc] and Kumyk [kum]. Classification: Turkic, Western, Ponto-Caspian Comments: No remaining speakers in Israel. Jewish (Karaite).

More Information

Lithuanian
[lit] Widespread. 2,800,000 in Lithuania (European Commission 2012). Population total all countries: 3,001,430. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1992, Constitution, Article 14). Alternate Names: Lietuvi, Lietuviskai, Litauische, Litewski, Litovskiy Dialects: Aukshtaiciu (Aukshtaiciai, Aukstaitiškai, Highland Lithuanian), Dzuku (Dzukiškai), Suvalkieciu (Suvalkietiškai), Žemaiciu (Lowland Lithuanian, Samogitian, Žemaiciai, Žemaitis, Žemaitiškai). Aukstaičiai easily understand Suvalkiečių, Dzukų with some difficulty, and vice versa; Žemaičių is difficult for others to understand. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Baltic, Eastern Comments: Christian, Muslim (Tatar).

More Information

Lithuanian Sign Language
[lls] Scattered. 8,000 (2014 EUD). 14,500 (2014 IMB). Status: 5 (Developing). Recognized language (1995, No. 630, native language of the deaf). Alternate Names: LGK, Lietuviu gestu kalba, LtSL Dialects: None known. Many variants, with attempts at standardization (Kupčinskas 1999). Affected by Russian Sign Language [rsl] from 1945 until 1990. Classification: Deaf sign language Comments: Fingerspelling system similar to French Sign Language [fsl]. Video remote interpreting service launched 2012. 100 sign language interpreters (2014 EUD). Christian (Roman Catholic).

More Information

Polish
[pol] 258,000 in Lithuania. L2 users: 454,000 in Lithuania (European Commission 2006). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, West, Lechitic

More Information

Romani, Baltic
[rml] Status: 5 (Developing). Dialects: Lithuanian Romani. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Romani, Northern

More Information

Russian
[rus] 344,000 in Lithuania. L2 users: 2,430,000 in Lithuania (European Commission 2012). Status: 3 (Wider communication). Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, East Comments: Christian.

More Information

Ukrainian
[ukr] 45,000 in Lithuania. Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, East

More Information