Latvia

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English
[eng] Population: 914,000 in Latvia (European Commission 2012), L2 users. Status: 4 (Educational). Alternate Names: Angļu. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, English.

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Latgalian
[ltg] Aglona, Baltinava, Balvi, Cibla, Dagda, Daugavpils, Kārsava, Kraslava, Livāni, Ludza, Preili, Riebiņi, Rugāji, Varakļāni, Vārkava, Viļaka, and Viļāni municipalities; Rezekne City; generally east of the Balvi–Pechory (Russia) highway. Population: 200,000 in Latvia (2009 J. Eisaks). Status: 5* (Developing). Alternate Names: Latgaliešu. Autonym: Latgališu. Dialects: None known. Reportedly similar to Latvian [lav] and Lithuanian [lit]. A member of macrolanguage Latvian [lav]. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Baltic, Eastern.

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Latvian
[lav] A macrolanguage. Population total all languages: 1,765,910. Includes: Latgalian [ltg], Standard Latvian [lvs].

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Latvian Sign Language
[lsl] Scattered. Population: 2,000 (2014 EUD). 9,900 (2014 IMB). Status: 5* (Developing). Alternate Names: LZV, Latviešu Zīmju Valoda. Classification: Sign language.

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Latvian, Standard
[lvs] Widespread. Population: 1,887,000 in Latvia, all users. L1 users: 1,410,000 in Latvia (European Commission 2012). L2 users: 477,000 (European Commission 2012). Total users in all countries: 2,042,910 (as L1: 1,565,910; as L2: 477,000). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1998, Constitution, Article 4). Autonym: Latviešu valoda, Latviski. Dialects: Tamian is a subdialect of the Central Latvian dialect. A member of macrolanguage Latvian [lav]. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Baltic, Eastern.

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Liv
[liv] Dundaga and Ventspils municipalities: 12 coastal villages; narrow strip along Baltic coast; Riga city. Population: No known L1 speakers. Last speaker, Grizelda Kristina, died in 2013 (2013 D. Charter). Ethnic population: 200. Status: 9 (Dormant). Alternate Names: Livonian. Autonym: Livõ kel. Dialects: Western Livonian (Kurzeme, Raandalist), Eastern Livonian (Vidzeme). Classification: Uralic, Finnic.

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Romani, Baltic
[rml] Scattered: western Latvia; Riga. Population: 8,000 in Latvia (1995 V. Zeps). Status: 5* (Developing). Alternate Names: Balt Romani, Balt Slavic Romani, Baltic Slavic Romani. Dialects: Latvian Romani (Lettish Romani, Lotfitko Romani, Lotfitko Romani cib, Lotfítka Romá), North Russian Romani, Estonian Romani (Čuxny Romani). Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Intermediate Divisions, Western, Romani, Northern.

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Russian
[rus] Major cities. Population: 1,998,000 in Latvia, all users. L1 users: 668,000 in Latvia (2015). L2 users: 1,330,000 (European Commission 2012). Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language. Alternate Names: Krievu. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, East.

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Yiddish, Eastern
[ydd] Scattered. Population: 2,000 in Latvia (2017). Status: 8a (Moribund). Alternate Names: Judeo-German. Dialects: Northeastern Yiddish. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, High German, Yiddish.

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