Libya

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Arabic, Libyan Spoken
[ayl] Widespread, especially north. Population: 4,190,000 in Libya (2016), increasing. Total users in all countries: 4,911,800. Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language. Alternate Names: Libyan Arabic, Libyan Vernacular Arabic, Sulaimitian Arabic, Western Egyptian Bedawi Spoken Arabic. Autonym: ليبي‎ (Lībi). Dialects: Tripolitanian Arabic, Southern Libyan Arabic, Eastern Libyan Arabic. In the west it is reportedly similar to Bedouin Arabic of southern Tunisia [aeb]. A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic.

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Arabic, Standard
[arb] Population: 5,650,000 in Libya (2015 SIL), all users. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (2011, Constitutional Declaration, Article 1). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic.

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Awjilah
[auj] Al Wahat district: east, Cyrenaica. Population: 2,470 (2016). Status: 8a (Moribund). Alternate Names: Aoudjila, Augila, Aujila, Awjila, Awjili. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Eastern, Awjila-Sokna.

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Ghadamès
[gha] Nalut district: Ghadamès, a small oasis near Algeria-Tunisia border. Population: 12,400 in Libya (2016). Total users in all countries: 15,500. Status: 6b (Threatened). Dialects: Ayt Waziten (Ait Wazitan), Ayt Welid. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Northern, Zenati, East.

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Libyan Sign Language
[lbs] Scattered. Population: 38,000 (2014 IMB). Status: 5* (Developing). Dialects: None known. Unclear how similar it is to other sign languages in the region. Not the same as Unified Arabic Sign Language, an artificial system promoted by representatives of 18 Arabic-speaking countries (Rashdan 2016). Classification: Sign language.

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Nafusi
[jbn] Al Jabal al Gharbi and Nalut districts: Jabal Nafusah, Nalut, Tripolitania, and Yafran areas, isolated on Zuara Coast west of Tripoli. Population: 228,000 in Libya (2016). Preschool children are monolingual in Nafusi. Total users in all countries: 278,000. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Djerbi, Jabal Nafusi, Jbel Nafusi, Jebel Nefusi, Nefusi. Dialects: Zuara (Zouara, Zuraa, Zuwara, Zuwarah, Zwara), Tamezret (Duwinna), Jerbi (Jerba). Zuara dialect well known in Jebel Nafusa area and in Jerba Tunisia. Some visit Zuara, but not vice versa. Matmata and Tatawine area less well understood by speakers in Jerba or Zuara. Speakers in Zuara and Jebel areas understand Jerba dialect stories well. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Northern, Zenati, East.

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Sawknah
[swn] Al Jufrah district. Population: No known L1 speakers. The last speaker probably died in the 1950s (Basset 1969). Status: 10 (Extinct). Alternate Names: Sokna, Sokni, Sukna, Tasuknit. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Eastern, Awjila-Sokna.

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Siwi
[siz] Al Butnan district: Jaghbub town. Population: Status: 6a* (Vigorous). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Eastern, Siwa.

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Tamahaq, Tahaggart
[thv] Ghat and Murzuq districts; south Hoggar mountains, Tamanrasset and south (Hoggar dialect); Ganet and west Libya oases, Ghat area (Ghat dialect). Population: 21,000 in Libya (2016). Status: 6b* (Threatened). Alternate Names: Tamachek, Tamachek’, Tamahaq, Tamashekin, Tamasheq, Tomachek, Tourage, Toureg, Tuareg. Dialects: Hoggar (Ahaggaren, Ajjer, Tahaggart), Ghat (Djanet, Ganet). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Tamasheq, Northern.

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Tedaga
[tuq] Murzuq district: Al Katrun and Maknusa; southwest border area. Population: 2,470 in Libya (2016). Status: 6b* (Threatened). Classification: Nilo-Saharan, Saharan, Western, Tebu.

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