Morocco

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Arabic, Hassaniyya
[mey] Souss-Massa-Drâa region: Mhamid, western Algeria border; Western Sahara, south from Laâyoune, Laâyoune-Boujdour-Sakia El Hamra. Population: 282,000 in Morocco (2016). Status: 5* (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Hasanya, Hassani, Maure, Mauri, Moor, Sahrawi, Sulaka. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic.

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Arabic, Judeo-Moroccan
[aju] Casablanca-Settat region. Population: 8,930 in Morocco (2000). 90% in Casablanca (1997 World Jewish Congress). Total users in all countries: 258,930. Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: il‘arabiyya dyalna. Dialects: A member of macrolanguage Judeo-Arabic [jrb]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic.

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Arabic, Moroccan Spoken
[ary] Widespread. Population: 27,900,000 in Morocco, all users. L1 users: 22,900,000 in Morocco (2016). L2 users: 5,000,000. Total users in all countries: 32,608,700 (as L1: 27,488,700; as L2: 5,120,000). Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language. Alternate Names: Colloquial Arabic, Maghrebi Arabic, Maghribi, Moroccan Arabic, Moroccan Colloquial Arabic, Moroccan Dareja, Moroccan Darija, Moroccan Dereja. Autonym: الدارجة‎ (Darija). Dialects: Rabat-Casablanca Arabic, Fez, Meknes, Tangier, Oujda, Jebli (Jbala, Jebelia), Southern Morocco Arabic, Marrakech. A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic.

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Arabic, Standard
[arb] Population: 14,500,000 in Morocco (2015 SIL), all users. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (2011, Constitution, Article 5). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic.

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French
[fra] Widespread. Population: 10,880,000 in Morocco, all users. L1 users: 80,000 in Morocco. L2 users: 10,800,000 (2015). Status: 3 (Wider communication). Alternate Names: Français. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Rhaetian, Oïl, French.

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Ghomara
[gho] Tangier-Tetouan region: Chechaouen province, along Rif Mountains coast. Population: 10,000 (2008 J. Hannouche). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Shilha, Taghumarit, Tamazight. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Northern, Zenati, Ghomara.

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Moroccan Sign Language
[xms] Scattered in urban areas. Population: 63,400. 63,400 sign language users, 155,000 total deaf (2008 WFD). 165,000 (2014 IMB). Status: 5* (Developing). Alternate Names: LSM, Langue des signes du Maroc, Langue des signes marocaine, MSL. Dialects: None known. Signing varies between different cities, due to differences in the deaf schools, but is beginning to unify as younger Deaf people from different cities are in contact with each other. Signed exact version of the spoken language (Arabic [arb] or French [fra]) is often used by teachers, and they may introduce signs from ASL [ase], LSF [fsl] or other foreign sign languages; students learn the local variety of sign language from their peers. Reported Algerian Sign Language [asp] influence in Oujda. Young Deaf adults, ages 15–40 (as of 2014), are in contact with deaf from other cities and countries via the internet and are borrowing some signs. Classification: Sign language.

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Senhaja Berber
[sjs] Taza-Al Hoceima-Taounate region: Ketama area west of Tarifit. Population: 50,000 (2013). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Senhaja de Srair, Senhajiya, Shilha, Shilha Barbarya, Shilha n Jbala, Tajeblit, Tamazight, Tamazight n Jbala, Tasenhajit. Dialects: Beni Ahmed, Beni Bechir, Beni Buensar, Beni Jennus, Beni Mesdui, Beni Seddat, Quetama (Ketama), Sarcat, Tagsut. A separate language from Tarifit [rif]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Northern, Zenati, Riff.

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Spanish
[spa] Scattered on north coast. Population: 1,536,590 in Morocco, all users. L1 users: 6,590 in Morocco (Instituto Cervantes 2017). L2 users: 1,530,000 (Instituto Cervantes 2017). Status: 7 (Shifting). Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, West Iberian, Castilian.

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Tachelhit
[shi] Guelmim-Es Semara, Marrakesh-Tensift-Al Haouz, Souss-Massa-Drâa, and Tadla-Azilal regions: coast south to Ifni, north to near Agadir, northeast to Marrakech outskirts, east to Drâa, including Sous valley, and south near the border. Population: 7,060,000 in Morocco (2016). Total users in all countries: 7,066,000. Status: 5* (Developing). Alternate Names: Shilha, Soussiya, Southern Shilha, Susiya, Tachelheit, Tachilhit, Tashelheit, Tashelheyt, Tashelhit, Tashilheet, Tashlhiyt, Tasoussit. Autonym: Tachelhit. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Northern, Atlas.

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Tamazight, Central Atlas
[tzm] Widespread, especially Middle and east High Atlas Mountains, adjacent valleys to Taza, Rabat area. Population: 4,590,000 in Morocco (2016). 936,000 monolinguals. Total users in all countries: 4,740,000. Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Central Shilha, Middle Atlas Berber, Moroccan Amazigh, Shilha, Tachelhit, Tamazight, Tmazight. Autonym: Tmaziɣt, ⵜⴰⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖⵜ‎ (Tamazight). Dialects: Much dialect variety. May be more than 1 language. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Northern, Atlas.

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Tamazight, Standard Moroccan
[zgh] Widespread. Population: Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (2011, Constitution, Article 5). Alternate Names: Amazighe standard marocain. Autonym: ⵜⴰⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖⵜ‎ (tamaziɣt), ⵜⴰⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖⵜ ⵜⴰⵏⴰⵡⴰⵢⵜ‎ (tamaziɣt tanawayt). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Northern, Atlas.

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Tarifit
[rif] Oriental and Taza-Al Hoceima-Taounate regions. Dialects from all areas of the Rif. Population: 4,240,000 in Morocco (2016). Total users in all countries: 4,366,000. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Arrif, Northern Shilha, Rif, Rif Berber, Rifeño, Riff, Rifia, Rifiya, Ruafa, Shilha, Tamazight, Tamazight n Arrif, Tarifiyt, Tarifyt Berber, Tmaziɣt, Tmazight. Autonym: Tarifit, تاريفيت‎ (Tarifit), ⵜⴰⵔⵉⴼⵉⵜ‎ (Tarifit). Dialects: Iznasen (Beni Snassen), Ayt Waryaghar, Ayt Ittef, Ayt Mezduy, Ayt Aamart, Ibeqquyen, Ayt Tamsaman, Ayt Tuzin, Igzennayen, Ayt Saaid, Ayt Urishesh, Ayt Tfarsit, Iqeraayen, Ayt Buyahyi, Ayt Settut, Icebdanen. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Northern, Zenati, Riff.

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Taznatit
[grr] Oriental region. Ain Chair, Figuig, and Ich (South Oran dialect). Population: Status: 6b* (Threatened). Dialects: South Oran. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Northern, Zenati, Mzab-Wargla.

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