Moldova

Print
Bulgarian
[bul] Cahul, Cantemir, Chisinau city, Gagauzia, Leova, and Taraclia districts. Population: 41,800 in Moldova (2014 census). Ethnic population: 51,900 (2014 census). Status: 5* (Dispersed). Recognized language (2001, National Minority Law, Article 6(1)). Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, South, Eastern.

More Information

Gagauz
[gag] Basarabeasca, Cahul, Cantemir, Cimislia, Criuleni, Gagauzia, Leova, and Taraclia districts; Chisinau City. Population: 115,000 in Moldova (2014 census). Ethnic population: 126,000 (2014 census). Total users in all countries: 148,720. Status: 5* (Developing). Statutory language of provincial identity in Gagauzia (1994, Constitution, Articles 3(1), 3(2)). Alternate Names: Gagauzi. Autonym: Gagauz dili, Gagauzça. Dialects: Bulgar Gagauzi, Maritime Gagauzi. Reportedly similar to Turkish [tur], but uses Russian Orthodox Christian religious vocabulary in contrast to Islamic vocabulary of Turkish. Classification: Turkic, Southern, Turkish.

More Information

Moldova Sign Language
[vsi] Scattered. Population: 17,500 total signing deaf in Moldova in all sign languages (2014 IMB). Status: 5* (Developing). Recognized language (2012, Article 25(1), Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities, No. 60). Dialects: None known. Relatively high lexical similarity to sign languages in Russia [rsl] and Ukraine [ukl] (Bickford 2005). Classification: Sign language.

More Information

Romani, Balkan
[rmn] Scattered. Population: 7,570 in Moldova (2014 census). Status: 6a* (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Romani ćhib. Dialects: Ursári (Usari). Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Intermediate Divisions, Western, Romani, Balkan.

More Information

Romanian
[ron] Widespread. Population: 2,180,000 in Moldova (2014 census). 1,540,000 Moldavian and 640,000 Romanian (2014 census). Ethnic population: 2,260,000 (2014 census). 2,070,000 Moldovan and 193,000 Romanian (2014 census). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (2013, Constitutional Court, Jts. 8b and 41b). Alternate Names: Moldovan, Română, Roumanian, Rumanian. Dialects: Muntenian (Muntean, Walachian), Banat, Bayash, Chrishana, Maramuresh, Oltenia-Lesser Wallachia (Oltean). Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Eastern.

More Information

Romanian Sign Language
[rms] Briceni, Cantemir, Cahul, Edinet, Falesti, Glodeni, Hincesti, Leova, Nisporeni, Riscani, and Ungheni districts; scattered in areas named above which border Romania. Population: Status: 6a* (Vigorous). Classification: Sign language.

More Information

Russian
[rus] Widespread. Population: 1,714,000 in Moldova, all users. L1 users: 264,000 in Moldova (2014 census). L2 users: 1,450,000 (Arefyev 2012). Ethnic population: 112,000 (2014 census). Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, East.

More Information

Russian Sign Language
[rsl] Arenii Noi, Causeni, Chisinau, Criuleni, Dubasari, Floresti, Orhei, Rezina, Soldanesti, and Stefan-Voda districts; scattered in areas bordering Transnistria. Population: Status: 6a* (Vigorous). Classification: Sign language.

More Information

Ukrainian
[ukr] Briceni, Cimislia, Donduseni, Drochia, Edinet, Falesti, Floresti, Glodeni, Ocnita, Riscani, and Singerei districts. Population: 107,000 in Moldova (2014 census). Ethnic population: 181,000 (2014 census). Status: 5* (Dispersed). Recognized language (2001, National Minority Law, Article 6(1)). Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, East.

More Information

Yiddish, Eastern
[ydd] Scattered. Population: 1,300 in Moldova (2012). Status: 5* (Dispersed). Recognized language (2001, National Minority Law, Article 6(1)). Dialects: Southeastern Yiddish (Bessarabian Yiddish, Bessarabian-Romanian). Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, High German, Yiddish.

More Information

Page Views Left: