Moldova

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Bulgarian
[bul] 37,200 in Moldova (2004 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Recognized language (2001, National Minority Law, Article 6(1)). Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, South, Eastern Comments: Christian.

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Gagauz
[gag] Comrat, Ceadîr-Lunga, Basarabeasca, Taraclia and Vulcânsti areas and towns. 105,000 in Moldova (2004 census). Population total all countries: 140,920. Status: 5 (Developing). Statutory language of provincial identity in in Gagauzia (1994, Constitution, Articles 3(1), 3(2)). Alternate Names: Gagauzi Dialects: Bulgar Gagauzi, Maritime Gagauzi. Reportedly similar to Turkish [tur], but uses Russian Orthodox Christian religious vocabulary in contrast to Islamic vocabulary of Turkish. Classification: Turkic, Southern, Turkish Comments: Christian.

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Moldova Sign Language
[vsi] Scattered. 17,500 total signing deaf in Moldova in all sign languages (2014 IMB). Status: 5 (Developing). Recognized language (2012, Article 25(1), Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities, No. 60). Dialects: None known. Very similar to sign languages in Ukraine and Russia. (Bickford 2005). Classification: Deaf sign language Comments: Sign language recognized as the official language of Deaf people, as the first language in deaf education, and as the main means of communication between Deaf people and others. Government measures to encourage media to make their information services available to Deaf. Christian (Orthodox).

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Romani, Balkan
[rmn] Moldova; Crimean Peninsula, Ukraine. 12,000 in Moldova (Johnstone 1993). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Gypsy Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Romani, Balkan Comments: Ethnic groups: Ursári (Moldova), Karamítika (Ukraine), Romá (Crimean Peninsula). Muslim.

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Romanian
[ron] Widespead. 2,560,000 in Moldova (2004 census). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (2013, Constitutional Court, Jts. 8b and 41b). Alternate Names: Moldovan, Romanian, Roumanian, Rumanian Dialects: Banat, Bayash, Chrishana, Maramuresh, Muntenian (Muntean, Walachian), Oltenia-Lesser Wallachia (Oltean). Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Eastern Comments: Christian.

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Romanian Sign Language
[rms] Areas bordering Romania. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Classification: Deaf sign language

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Russian
[rus] 541,000 in Moldova (2004 census). Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, East

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Russian Sign Language
[rsl] Transnistria. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Classification: Deaf sign language

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Ukrainian
[ukr] 129,000 in Moldova (2004 census). Status: 4 (Educational). Recognized language (2001, National Minority Law, Article 6(1)). Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, East

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Yiddish, Eastern
[ydd] Status: 5 (Developing). Recognized language (2001, National Minority Law, Article 6(1)). Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, High German, Yiddish

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