Macedonia

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Adyghe
[ady] A few villages. Status: 4 (Educational). Alternate Names: Adygey, West Circassian Classification: North Caucasian, West Caucasian, Circassian Comments: Muslim (Sunni).

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Albanian, Gheg
[aln] 600,000 in Macedonia (2002). Status: 2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in northern, western regions (1991, Constitution, Article 7(6)). Alternate Names: Geg, Shqip Classification: Indo-European, Albanian, Gheg Comments: Muslim (Sunni), Muslim (Bektashi).

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Aromanian
[rup] Skopje, Stip, Bitola, Krusevo, and Struga; Ohrid, Kocani-Vinica, Sveti Nikole, Kumanovo, and Gevgelija. 9,700 in Macedonia (2007). Status: 4 (Educational). Alternate Names: Armina, Aromunian, Arumanian, Macedo Romanian, Macedo-Rumanian Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Eastern Comments: Structurally distinct from Romanian [ron] (Agard 1984). Split from the other 3 Romanian languages between 500 and 1000 A.D. Ethnonym: Armini.

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Balkan Gagauz Turkish
[bgx] Macedonian Gagauz dialect in Kumanovo area; Yuruk dialect in Bitola area. 4,000 in Macedonia. Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Balkan Turkic Dialects: Macedonian Gagauz, Yuruk (Konyar, Yoruk). Classification: Altaic, Turkic, Southern, Turkish Comments: Different from Gagauz [gag] of Moldova, Bulgaria, and Romania. Christian, Muslim.

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Macedonian
[mkd] North: Kumanovo-Kratovo region; Southeast: Gevgelija, Strumica, and Lake Dojran areas; West: Veles, Prilep, Kichevo, Bitola, and Debar-Galchnik regions. Also in Albania, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Greece (Slavic), Serbia, Slovenia, United States. 1,390,000 in Macedonia (1986). Population total all countries: 1,710,670. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1991, Constitution, Article 7(1)). Alternate Names: Macedonian Slavic, Makedonski, Slavic Dialects: Northern Macedonian, Southeastern Macedonian, Western Macedonian. Standard dialect recognized in 1944. Classification: Indo-European, Slavic, South, Eastern Comments: Called Slavic in Greece, considered a dialect of Bulgarian [bul] by some in Bulgaria.

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Romani, Balkan
[rmn] Balkans. 120,000 in Macedonia. 100,000 Arlija, 20,000 Dzambazi. Status: 5 (Developing). Dialects: Arlija, Dzambazi, Tinners Romani. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Romani, Balkan Comments: Ethnic group: Jerlídes (Macedonia, southern Serbia). Muslim.

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Romanian, Megleno
[ruq] 2,000 in Macedonia (2002). Status: 7 (Shifting). Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Eastern

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Serbian
[srp] 33,300 in Macedonia (2001). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Dialects: Serbian. Classification: Indo-European, Slavic, South, Western Comments: Christian.

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Turkish
[tur] 200,000 in Macedonia (1982). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Osmanli Dialects: Dinler, Macedonian. Classification: Altaic, Turkic, Southern, Turkish Comments: Muslim (Sunni), Muslim (Bektashi).

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