Macedonia

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Adyghe
[ady] Scattered. Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Adygey, Circassian, West Circassian. Classification: North Caucasian, West Caucasian, Circassian. Comments: Non-indigenous. Muslim.

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Albanian, Gheg
[aln] Cair, Debar, Gazi Baba, Gostivar, Karpos, Kicevo, Kumanovo, Ohrid, Resen, Struga, and Tetovo municipalities. 508,000 in Macedonia (2002 census). Ethnic population: 509,000 (2002 census). Status: 2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in northern, western regions (1991, Constitution, Article 7(6)). Alternate Names: Geg, Shqip, Shqyp. Classification: Indo-European, Albanian, Gheg. Comments: Muslim.

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Aromanian
[rup] Bitola, Resen, Prilep, Struga, and Ohrid municipalities; Skopje, Stip, Krusevo, Kocani-Vinica, Sveti Nikole, Kumanovo, and Gevgelija; southwest, north of Ohrid and Presba lakes. 6,890 in Macedonia (2002 census). Status: 4 (Educational). Alternate Names: Armani, Armina, Armini, Aromunian, Arumanian, Arumenian, Macedo Romanian, Macedo-Rumanian, Vlav. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Eastern. Comments: Structurally distinct from Romanian [ron] (Agard 1984). Split from the other 3 Romanian languages between 500 and 1000 A.D.

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Balkan Gagauz Turkish
[bgx] Bitola and Kumanovo municipalities; Gagauz dialect in Kumanovo area, Yuruk dialect in Bitola area. 4,000 in Macedonia. Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Balkan Turkic. Dialects: Macedonian Gagauz, Yuruk (Konyar, Yoruk). Classification: Turkic, Southern, Turkish. Comments: Non-indigenous. Different from Gagauz [gag] of Moldova, Bulgaria, and Romania. Muslim, Christian.

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Bosnian
[bos] Petrovec, Skopje, Veles and Zelenikovo municipalities. 8,560 in Macedonia (2002 census). Ethnic population: 17,000 (2002 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, South, Western. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Macedonian
[mkd] Bitola, Debar-Galchnik, Gevgelija, Kichevo, Kratovo, Kumanovo, Prilep, Strumica and Veles municipalities; Lake Dojran area. 1,340,000 in Macedonia (2002 census). Ethnic population: 1,300,000 (2002 census). Total users in all countries: 1,476,550. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1991, Constitution, Article 7(1)). Alternate Names: Macedonian Slavic, Makedonski, Slavic. Dialects: Northern Macedonian, Southeastern Macedonian, Western Macedonian. Standard dialect recognized in 1944. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, South, Eastern. Comments: Called Slavic in Greece, considered a dialect of Bulgarian [bul] by some in Bulgaria.

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Romani, Balkan
[rmn] Scattered. 38,500 in Macedonia (2002 census). Ethnic population: 53,900 (2002 census). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Dialects: Arli, Dzambazi, Tinners Romani. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Intermediate Divisions, Western, Romani, Balkan. Comments: Non-indigenous. Ethnic group: Jerlídes (Macedonia, southern Serbia). Muslim.

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Romanian, Megleno
[ruq] Gevgelija municipality. 2,000 in Macedonia (2002). Status: 7 (Shifting). Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Eastern.

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Serbian
[srp] Cair, Gazi Baba, Karpos, Kisela Voda, Kriva Palanka, Kumanovo, and Skopje municipalities. 24,800 in Macedonia (2002 census). Ethnic population: 35,900 (2002 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Dialects: Serbian. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, South, Western. Comments: Christian.

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Turkish
[tur] Berovo, Bitola, Debar, Radovis, Struga, Strumica, and Valandovo, municipalities. 71,800 in Macedonia (2002 census). Ethnic population: 78,000 (2002 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Osmanli. Dialects: Macedonian, Dinler. Classification: Turkic, Southern, Turkish. Comments: Non-indigenous. Muslim.

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