2,993,000 (2015 USCB)
99% (2015 UNESCO)
Campbell and King 2011, Poppe 1955, Sebeok 1967
The number of individual languages listed for Mongolia is 12. All are living languages. Of these, 7 are indigenous and 5 are non-indigenous. Furthermore, 2 are institutional, 5 are developing, 3 are vigorous, 1 is in trouble, and 1 is dying.
See full country report.