Mauritania

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Arabic, Standard
[arb] Widespread. Population: 1,840,000 in Mauritania (2013 SIL), all users. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1991, Constitution, Article 6). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic.

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French
[fra] Widespread. Population: 755,900 in Mauritania, all users. L1 users: 5,900 in Mauritania (2014 J. Leclerc). L2 users: 750,000 (2016). Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language. Alternate Names: Français. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Rhaetian, Oïl, French.

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Hassaniyya
[mey] Widespread. Population: 3,360,000 in Mauritania (2016), increasing. Total users in all countries: 8,842,800. Status: 3 (Wider communication). Statutory language of national identity (1991, Constitution, Article 6). Alternate Names: Hasanya, Hasanya Arabic, Hassani, Hassania, Hassaniya, Hassaniyya Arabic, Klem El Bithan, Maure, Moor. Autonym: Hassaniyya, حسانية‎‎‎ (Ḥassānīya). Dialects: None known. Not intelligible with other Arabic varieties. The Nemadi (Ikoku) are an ethnic group of 200 (1967) that speak Hassaniyya, but they have special morphemes for dogs, hunting, and houses. Nomadic between Mali and Mauritania. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic.

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Pulaar
[fuc] Brakna, Gorgol, and Trarza regions, near Senegal. Population: 250,000 in Mauritania (2016). Status: 5 (Developing). Statutory language of national identity (1991, Constitution, Article 6). Alternate Names: Peul. Dialects: Toucouleur (Haalpulaar, Pulaar, Tukulor). Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Atlantic, Northern, Senegambian, Fula-Wolof, Fula, Western.

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Soninke
[snk] Dakhlet Nouadhibou, Gorgol, and Guidimaka regions: Kaedi and Selibaby towns; 45 villages. Population: 204,000 in Mauritania (2016), increasing. Status: 5 (Developing). Statutory language of national identity (1991, Constitution, Article 6). Alternate Names: Aswanek, Aswanik, Azer, Gangara, Genger, Maraka, Marka, Sarakole, Sarakolle, Sarakule, Sarakulle, Serahule, Soninkanxanne. Dialects: Azer (Adjer, Aser), Kinxenna, Kinbakka. Classification: Niger-Congo, Mande, Western, Northwestern, Soninke-Bobo, Soninke-Boso, Soninke.

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Wolof
[wol] Brakna and Trarza regions. Population: 18,300 in Mauritania (2014 J. Leclerc), increasing. Status: 5 (Dispersed). Statutory language of national identity (1991, Constitution, Article 6). Alternate Names: Ouolof, Volof, Walaf, Yallof. Dialects: Baol, Cayor, Dyolof (Djolof, Jolof), Lebou, Ndyanger. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Atlantic, Northern, Senegambian, Fula-Wolof, Wolof.

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Zenaga
[zen] Trarza region: Atlantic coast to Mederdra. Population: 200 in Mauritania (2014 J. Leclerc), decreasing. Total users in all countries: 2,700. Status: 8a (Moribund). Alternate Names: Mauritania Berber, Mauritanian Berber. Dialects: None known. Related to other Berber languages in basic structure though specific features are quite different. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Zenaga.

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