Mauritania

Print
Arabic, Standard
[arb] Widespread. 1,840,000 in Mauritania (2013 SIL), all users. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1991, Constitution, Article 6). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Comments: Non-indigenous.

More Information

French
[fra] Widespread. 755,900 in Mauritania, all users. L1 users: 5,900 (2014 J. Leclerc). L2 users: 750,000 (2016). Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language. Alternate Names: Français. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Rhaetian, Oïl, French. Comments: Non-indigenous.

More Information

Hassaniyya
[mey] Widespread. 3,360,000 (2016), increasing. Total users in all countries: 8,837,300. Status: 3 (Wider communication). Statutory language of national identity (1991, Constitution, Article 6). Alternate Names: Hasanya, Hasanya Arabic, Hassani, Hassania, Hassaniya, Hassaniyya Arabic, Klem El Bithan, Maure, Moor. Autonym: Hassaniyya, حسانية‎‎‎ (Ḥassānīya). Dialects: None known. Not intelligible with other Arabic varieties. The Nemadi (Ikoku) are an ethnic group of 200 (1967) that speak Hassaniyya, but they have special morphemes for dogs, hunting, and houses. Nomadic between Mali and Mauritania. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Comments: White Maure are called Bithan, also used for Maures in general. Black Maures are called Haratine. Muslim.

More Information

Pulaar
[fuc] Brakna, Gorgol, and Trarza regions, near Senegal. 250,000 (2016). Status: 5 (Developing). Statutory language of national identity (1991, Constitution, Article 6). Alternate Names: Peul. Dialects: Toucouleur (Haalpulaar, Pulaar, Tukulor). Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Atlantic, Northern, Senegambian, Fula-Wolof, Fula, Western. Comments: Fuuta Tooro (Fouta Toro) was a major Toucouleur geopolitical state, with center in northern Senegal. Muslim.

More Information

Soninke
[snk] Dakhlet Nouadhibou, Gorgol, and Guidimaka regions: Kaedi and Selibaby towns; 45 villages. 204,000 (2016), increasing. Status: 5 (Developing). Statutory language of national identity (1991, Constitution, Article 6). Alternate Names: Aswanek, Aswanik, Azer, Gangara, Genger, Maraka, Marka, Sarakole, Sarakolle, Sarakule, Sarakulle, Serahule, Soninkanxanne. Dialects: Azer (Adjer, Aser), Kinxenna, Kinbakka. Classification: Niger-Congo, Mande, Western, Northwestern, Soninke-Bobo, Soninke-Boso, Soninke. Comments: Muslim.

More Information

Wolof
[wol] Brakna and Trarza regions. 18,300 (2014 J. Leclerc), increasing. Status: 5 (Dispersed). Statutory language of national identity (1991, Constitution, Article 6). Alternate Names: Ouolof, Volof, Walaf, Yallof. Dialects: Baol, Cayor, Dyolof (Djolof, Jolof), Lebou, Ndyanger. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Atlantic, Northern, Senegambian, Fula-Wolof, Wolof. Comments: Muslim.

More Information

Zenaga
[zen] Trarza region: Atlantic coast to Mederdra. 200 (2013 J. Leclerc), decreasing. Total users in all countries: 2,700. Status: 8a (Moribund). Dialects: None known. Related to other Berber languages in basic structure though specific features are quite different. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Zenaga. Comments: Bedouins, reported to travel mainly in caravans. Racially, both white and black; the latter are descendants of slaves captured centuries ago. Muslim.

More Information

Page Views Left: