[pih] Norfolk Island. L1 users: 430 (2011 census). Total users in all countries: 532. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Statutory language of national identity (2004, Norfolk Island Language (Norf’k) Act No. 25, Section 4), restrictions in Sec. 5 of Act No. 25 of 2004 bar meaningful official use. Alternate Names: Norfolkese, Pitcairn English. Dialects: Norfolk English. Classification: Creole, English based, Pacific. Comments: Developed from mutineers who settled on Pitcairn in 1790. All were removed to Norfolk in 1859, after which a few returned. Some descendants of Pitcairn Islanders now in Australia and New Zealand.