Oman

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Arabic, Baharna Spoken
[abv] Az Zahirah and Janub al Batinah governorates. 10,000 (2001 J. Leclerc). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Arabic, Dhofari Spoken
[adf] Zufar governorate: Salala and nearby coastal regions. 105,000 (2015). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Dhofari, Zofari. Dialects: None known. Related to Hadrami Spoken Arabic [ayh], Gulf Spoken Arabic [afb], and Omani Spoken Arabic [acx]. A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Comments: Different from Omani Spoken Arabic [acx].

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Arabic, Gulf Spoken
[afb] Widespread. 676,000 (2015). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Bedawi, Gulf Arabic, Omani Bedawi Arabic. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Comments: Non-indigenous. Muslim.

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Arabic, Omani Spoken
[acx] Widespread, mainly in Hajar mountain highlands and a few coastal regions. 1,850,000 (2015). Total users in all countries: 2,314,000. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Omani Hadari Arabic. Dialects: A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic.

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Arabic, Shihhi Spoken
[ssh] Musandam governorate. 10,000 (2001 J. Leclerc). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic.

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Arabic, Standard
[arb] Widespread. 2,140,000 in Oman (2015 SIL), all users. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1996, Basic Law, Article 3). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Balochi, Southern
[bcc] Masqat governorate, and dispersed on Gulf of Oman coast. 197,000 (2015). Ethnic population: 312,000 (1993). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Baloci, Baluchi, Baluci. Dialects: Makrani (Lotuni, Zadgaali), Barahuwi, Bashgaadi, Huuti. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Northwestern, Balochi. Comments: Non-indigenous. From Pakistan. The majority are not Omani citizens. Muslim.

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Bathari
[bhm] Zufar governorate: Al Jazeer to Shweymia coastal towns. 200 (2011). Status: 8b (Nearly extinct). Alternate Names: Batahari, Bathara. Dialects: Reportedly very similar to Mehri [gdq], some considering it a dialect of Mehri. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, South, South Arabian. Comments: Muslim.

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English
[eng] Status: 3 (Wider communication). Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, English. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Harsusi
[hss] Al Wusta and Zufar governorates: Jiddat al-Harasis. 600 (2011). Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Harsi ’Aforit, Hersyet, South Arabian. Dialects: None known. Reportedly similar to Mehri [gdq], but usually considered a separate language. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, South, South Arabian. Comments: Spoken by the Harasis and ‘Ifar (’Afar).

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Hobyót
[hoh] Zufar governorate: near Yemen border. 100 (1998 H. Mutzafi). Status: 8a (Moribund). Alternate Names: Hewbyót, Hobi, Kalam Rifi. Dialects: None known. Related to and possibly a mixed language with Mehri [gdq] and Shehri [shv]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, South, South Arabian. Comments: Define themselves as Mahra tribe members. Muslim.

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Kumzari
[zum] Musandam peninsula north. 3,000 (2001 J. Leclerc). Total users in all countries: 3,700 (as L1: 3,670; as L2: 30). Status: 8a (Moribund). Alternate Names: Kumzai. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Southwestern, Luri. Comments: Distinct from Khunsari [kfm] of Iran. Muslim.

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Luwati
[luv] Mostly Masqat and coastal towns of Barka, Khabura, Musana, and Saham. 30,000 (Salman and Kharusi 2012). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Hyderabadi, Khoja, Khojki, Lawatiya. Dialects: None known. Related to Kachchi [kfr]. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Outer Languages, Northwestern , Sindhi. Comments: Ancestors reportedly migrated from Iran to Hyderabad, then to Mutrah. Muslim.

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Mehri
[gdq] Al Wusta and Zufar governorates: south near Yemen border. 76,400 (2015). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Mahri. Dialects: Nagdi. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, South, South Arabian. Comments: Muslim.

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Persian, Iranian
[pes] Masqat governorate: Muttrah and Ruwi areas near Muscat city; possibly other coastal cities. 56,300 (2015). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Persian, Western Farsi. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Southwestern, Persian. Comments: Non-indigenous. Muslim.

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Shehri
[shv] Zufar governorate: coastal mountains and plains; Khuriya Muriya islands in Arabian Sea near Fararah. 25,000 (2001 J. Leclerc). Total users in all countries: 59,000. Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Ehkili, Geblet, Jibali, Jibbali, Qarawi, Sehri, Shahari, Sheret, South Arabian. Dialects: Central Jibbali, Eastern Jibbali, Western Jibbali. Eastern Jibbali includes Kuria Muria (Baby Jibbali). Reportedly increasingly bilingual in Dhofari Arabic [adf]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, South, South Arabian. Comments: Spoken by Qara (Ehkeló, Ahkló), Shahra (Sheró, Shahara), Barahama, Bait Ash-Shaik, and some Batahira. Muslim.

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Swahili
[swh] Masqat and Janub ash Sharqiyah governorates; urban centers Muscat and Sur. 44,200 (2015). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, G, Swahili (G.42). Comments: Non-indigenous.

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